The Norwegian Armed Forces have 17 staff officers in the UN mission in South Sudan (UNMISS). 13 of them work in the UNMISS Headquarters in the capital Juba, while the remaining officers are stationed at the missions sector headquarters. The staff officers are responsible for personnel, operations, planning, training, education and information.
South Sudan became the world's youngest nation when the country broke away from Sudan after a referendum on 9 July 2011. The United Nations played a leading role in working out the peace agreement between the parts, in an area plagued with civil war and unrest for decades. Today, the relationship between the two countries is tense at times, especially when it comes to border issues and distribution of the oil resources in the area.
Shortly after its independence, South Sudan experienced internal conflicts and unrest. This laid the foundation for the UN Mission. Different ethnic conflicts have caused severe political problems, and armed rebel groups have gained control in some areas in the north of the country. In December 2013, the country broke into civil war. As of 2015, the conflict is still ongoing, with brutal attacks and more than 730,000 refugees, according to the UN. A new peace agreement between the warring parties was signed in August 2015.
The conflict has led to a stronger UN presence in the country. The United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) works to secure peace in the country, protect civilians and facilitate humanitarian work. The mission has up to 12,500 military personnel, while the police mission has up to 1,323 personnel.