NATO 70 år: En evigvarende allianse? <img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Stoltenberg%20og%20Trump.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />NATO 70 år: En evigvarende allianse? Torsdag 4. april fyller NATO 70 år. Forsvarsminister Frank Bakke-Jensen, forsvarssjef Haakon Bruun-Hanssen og sentrale meningsbærere reflekterer over jubilantens tilstand og Norges rolle i alliansen.http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/nato-70-år-en-evigvarende-allianse
NATO og Norge i 70 år<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/NATO%20sign%201949_internett.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />NATO og Norge i 70 årNATO fyller 70 år, og mandag 1. april inviterer IFS og NUPI til diskusjon på Litteraturhuset om sentrale tema i NATOs historie og aktuelle utfordringer for Norge i alliansen.http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/nato-og-norge-i-70-år
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Livestream: Omstillingskonferansen 2019. Hva må Forsvaret gjøre?<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Internasjonale%20operasjoner_2.JPG" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Livestream: Omstillingskonferansen 2019. Hva må Forsvaret gjøre?Konferansen sendes live onsdag 13. mars fra klokken 09.00. Linken bør åpnes i Google Chrome.Onsdag 13.mars 0900-1245 gjennomfører vi årets konferanse ved Oslo Militære Samfund. Hva må Forsvaret gjøre selv? Hvilke av dagens oppgaver kan andre gjøre?Omstillingskonferansen 2019http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/omstillingskonferansen-2019-hva-må-forsvaret-gjøre
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 Vitenskapelige artikler

 

 

Larsdotter, Kersti (2019): Military strategy and peacekeeping: An unholy alliance? Journal of Strategic Studies.Larsdotter, Kersti (2019): Military strategy and peacekeeping: An unholy alliance? Journal of Strategic Studies.<p>​<span style="display:inline !important;float:none;background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-decoration:none;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;">Despite the increased use of military force in peacekeeping operations in the twenty-first century, these operations are not included in traditional strategic theory. In this article, I outline the logic of four strategies for peacekeeping operations – defence, deterrence, compellence and offence – and trace the use of these strategies in two consecutive UN operations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: MONUC and MONUSCO. The article concludes that all four strategies are indeed used in the two operations, but they are neither comprehensive nor proactive, leaving the true potential of military strategy unrealised.<br></span></p><p><a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01402390.2018.1559156">Go to Journal of Strategic Studies.</a><br><span style="display:inline !important;float:none;background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-decoration:none;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;"></span></p>
Larsdotter, Kersti (2019): Military Strategy in the 21st Century. Journal of Strategic Studies.Larsdotter, Kersti (2019): Military Strategy in the 21st Century. Journal of Strategic Studies.<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">This special issue explores<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">military</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategy</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>in the twenty-first<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">century</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">. The articles scrutinise<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategy</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>from three perspectives: the study of<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategy</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">, and how our understanding of<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategy</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>has changed over time; new areas for<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategic</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>theory, i.e., areas where the development of war has made<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategy</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">become more important, such as peacekeeping operations and cyberspace; and the makers of<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategy</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">, more specifically why states choses suboptimal<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategies</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">and how wars in the twenty-first<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">century</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>influence<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategy</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>makers.<br></span></p><p><a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01402390.2018.1559151">Go to Journal of Strategic Studies</a><br><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"></span></p>
Breivik, Gunnar and Svela Sand, Trond and McDonald Sookermany, Anders (2019): Risk-Taking and Sensation Seeking in Military Contexts: A Literature Review. Sage Open.Breivik, Gunnar and Svela Sand, Trond and McDonald Sookermany, Anders (2019): Risk-Taking and Sensation Seeking in Military Contexts: A Literature Review. Sage Open.<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">The article is based on a<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">literature</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">review</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>of studies covering<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">risk</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">-</span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">taking</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>and<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">sensation</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">seeking</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>within<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">military</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">contexts</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>over a time span of 3 decades from 1983 to 2015.<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">Literature</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>was gathered through a four-stage search procedure identifying 25 studies of<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">risk</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">-</span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">taking</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>and 16 studies of<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">sensation</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">seeking</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>altogether. Because warfare and<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">military</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>conflicts are dangerous and<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">risky</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>pursuits, one could imagine there being a lot of empirical research about<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">risk</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">-</span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">taking</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>and<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">sensation</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">seeking</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>in the<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">military</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">. We have found this not to be the case. The research is both small in volume and scattered when it comes to use of theories, methods, and samples of<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">military</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>personnel. In general, there seem to be few clear research paradigms. The results of the empirical studies show that there are adaptive as well as nonadaptive forms of<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">risk</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">-</span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">taking</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>in relation to<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">military</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>situations. Similarly,<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">military</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>personnel scoring high on<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">sensation</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">seeking</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>possess certain advantages, for instance, dealing with stress and<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">risk</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">, yet may also cause problems of various kinds. The<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">review</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>ends by pointing out implications for research and practice.</span></p><p><a href="https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2158244018824498">Go to Sage Open.</a><br></p>
Petersson, Magnus and Berndtsson, Joakim and Ydén, Karl (2019): Sweden and the Issue of NATO Membership: Exploring a Public Opinion Paradox. Defence Studies.Petersson, Magnus and Berndtsson, Joakim and Ydén, Karl (2019): Sweden and the Issue of NATO Membership: Exploring a Public Opinion Paradox. Defence Studies.<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">The past decade has seen substantial shifts in Swedish security policy and major change in the domestic debate about<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">NATO</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">. For the first time, all of the right-of-centre “alliance parties” are calling for a full<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">NATO</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">membership</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">, and popular support for<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">NATO</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>has increased. Yet<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">public</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">opinion</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>contains ambiguities and paradoxes that complicate the picture. At the same time as support for<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">NATO</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>has increased, the<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">public</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>is overwhelmingly<span> </span></span><em>for</em><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>continued military non-alignment. Drawing on previous research, longitudinal data from national surveys, and other sources on defence and security issues, this article aims to increase our understanding of the development and change in Swedish<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">public</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">opinion</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>on<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">NATO</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">. A key argument is that Erving Goffman’s theatre metaphor, combined with neo-institutional decoupling theory, to a large degree can help understand the<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">public</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">opinion</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">paradox</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">.</span></p><p><a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14702436.2019.1568192">Go to Defence Studies.</a><br></p>
Bowers, Ian (2019): The use and utility of hybrid warfare on the Korean Peninsula. The Pacific ReviewBowers, Ian (2019): The use and utility of hybrid warfare on the Korean Peninsula. The Pacific Review<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">This article uses<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">hybrid</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">warfare</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>as a framework for examining North<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">Korean</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">operations on the<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">Korean</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">Peninsula</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>and the South<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">Korean</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>reaction to such operations. It argues that North Korea has long employed a<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">hybrid</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>approach to achieve a wide number of political and strategic objectives. However, the deterrence-based strategic reality on the<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">Korean</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">Peninsula</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>in combination with North Korea’s increasing relative weaknesses has rendered this approach self-defeating.<br></span></p><p><a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09512748.2018.1513547">Go to The Pacific Review.</a><br><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"></span></p>

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