Hvordan styrke person-grupperelasjonen?<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Fellesbilde_3_Daae_Edmondson.JPG" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Hvordan styrke person-grupperelasjonen?13. og 14. mai er det konferanse om team. Team-forsker Amy Edmondson, Harvard Business School, og direktør Cecilie Daae, DSB, deler sine erfaringer med oss.http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/hvordan-styrke-person-og-grupperelasjonene
Oppsummering -Omstillingskonferansen 2019<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/DSC_3802.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Oppsummering -Omstillingskonferansen 2019Omstillingskonferansen 2019, «Hva må Forsvaret gjøre?», tok opp spørsmålet om privatisering og bortsetting av militær virksomhet for å effektivisere driften av Norges forsvar. http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/omstillingskonferansen-2019
'Hvorfor gik Danmark i krig?'<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Foto_Forsvar%20Danmark.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />'Hvorfor gik Danmark i krig?'Danmark har gjennomført en uavhengig utredning av prosessene som førte fram til beslutningene om å delta i krigene i Kosovo, Irak og Afghanistan. FHS/Institutt for forsvarsstudier ønsker velkommen til presentasjon av utredningen, torsdag 25. april i Oscarsborg (bygning 10 - Akershus Festning). http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/hvorfor-gikk-danmark-til-krig
Det nye totalforsvaret <img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Det%20nye%20totalforsvaret_Internett.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Det nye totalforsvaret Forsvarets høgskole og Den norske Atlanterhavskomité ønsker velkommen til presentasjon av boken "Det nye totalforsvaret", onsdag 24. april på Litteraturhuset.http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/det-nye-totalforsvaret
Verdens første disputas i operasjoner til sjøs<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/2019%20april%20disputas%20sjokrigsskolen%20Hareide%20Eye%20tracking_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Verdens første disputas i operasjoner til sjøsFredag 5. april holdes verdens første disputas i nautiske operasjoner på Sjøkrigsskolen. Arrangementet blir livestreamet. Åpne lenken nedenfor i Google Chrome.http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/verdens-første-disputas-i-operasjoner-til-sjøs

 Vitenskapelige artikler

 

 

Benjamin, James Knox, Ricardo G. Lugo, Kirsi Helkala and Stefan Sütterlin (2019): Slow Education and Cognitive Agility: Improving Military Cyber Cadet Cognitive Performance for Better Governance of Cyberpower.Benjamin, James Knox, Ricardo G. Lugo, Kirsi Helkala and Stefan Sütterlin (2019): Slow Education and Cognitive Agility: Improving Military Cyber Cadet Cognitive Performance for Better Governance of Cyberpower.<p>​<span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:arial, verdana, helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:12px;">Governance of cyberpower from a military perspective are focused on the efforts to control and influence events occurring in cyberspace. For the Norwegian Defence, this means educating cyber engineers, responsible for governing cyberpower effects, beyond technical skills and competencies. To match the complexity of modern warfighting necessitates adaptive high-order thinking skills. Building on earlier cognitive engineering and human factors research in cyber defence this article suggests how Slow Education has the potential to improve cognitive performance among cyber cadets. Slow techniques were applied to 37 cyber cadets during a three-year bachelor programme at the Norwegian Defence Cyber Academy. The quantitative data for this study was gathered during a two-week Cyber Defence Exercise. Combining and applying a novel pedagogic method with psychological techniques suggests reflective pondering, self-regulation and metacognition as being associated with cognitive agility. This study helps develop and make metrics available that are suitable to evaluate human performance in cyber defence.</span><br></p><p><span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:arial, verdana, helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><a href="https://www.igi-global.com/article/slow-education-and-cognitive-agility/224949">Go to IGI Global.</a></span></p>
Larsdotter, Kersti (2019): Military strategy and peacekeeping: An unholy alliance? Journal of Strategic Studies.Larsdotter, Kersti (2019): Military strategy and peacekeeping: An unholy alliance? Journal of Strategic Studies.<p>​<span style="display:inline !important;float:none;background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-decoration:none;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;">Despite the increased use of military force in peacekeeping operations in the twenty-first century, these operations are not included in traditional strategic theory. In this article, I outline the logic of four strategies for peacekeeping operations – defence, deterrence, compellence and offence – and trace the use of these strategies in two consecutive UN operations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: MONUC and MONUSCO. The article concludes that all four strategies are indeed used in the two operations, but they are neither comprehensive nor proactive, leaving the true potential of military strategy unrealised.<br></span></p><p><a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01402390.2018.1559156">Go to Journal of Strategic Studies.</a><br><span style="display:inline !important;float:none;background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-decoration:none;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;"></span></p>
Larsdotter, Kersti (2019): Military Strategy in the 21st Century. Journal of Strategic Studies.Larsdotter, Kersti (2019): Military Strategy in the 21st Century. Journal of Strategic Studies.<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">This special issue explores<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">military</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategy</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>in the twenty-first<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">century</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">. The articles scrutinise<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategy</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>from three perspectives: the study of<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategy</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">, and how our understanding of<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategy</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>has changed over time; new areas for<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategic</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>theory, i.e., areas where the development of war has made<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategy</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">become more important, such as peacekeeping operations and cyberspace; and the makers of<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategy</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">, more specifically why states choses suboptimal<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategies</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">and how wars in the twenty-first<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">century</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>influence<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">strategy</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>makers.<br></span></p><p><a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01402390.2018.1559151">Go to Journal of Strategic Studies</a><br><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"></span></p>
Breivik, Gunnar and Svela Sand, Trond and McDonald Sookermany, Anders (2019): Risk-Taking and Sensation Seeking in Military Contexts: A Literature Review. Sage Open.Breivik, Gunnar and Svela Sand, Trond and McDonald Sookermany, Anders (2019): Risk-Taking and Sensation Seeking in Military Contexts: A Literature Review. Sage Open.<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">The article is based on a<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">literature</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">review</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>of studies covering<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">risk</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">-</span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">taking</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>and<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">sensation</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">seeking</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>within<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">military</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">contexts</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>over a time span of 3 decades from 1983 to 2015.<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">Literature</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>was gathered through a four-stage search procedure identifying 25 studies of<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">risk</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">-</span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">taking</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>and 16 studies of<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">sensation</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">seeking</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>altogether. Because warfare and<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">military</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>conflicts are dangerous and<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">risky</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>pursuits, one could imagine there being a lot of empirical research about<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">risk</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">-</span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">taking</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>and<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">sensation</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">seeking</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>in the<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">military</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">. We have found this not to be the case. The research is both small in volume and scattered when it comes to use of theories, methods, and samples of<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">military</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>personnel. In general, there seem to be few clear research paradigms. The results of the empirical studies show that there are adaptive as well as nonadaptive forms of<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">risk</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">-</span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">taking</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>in relation to<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">military</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>situations. Similarly,<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">military</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>personnel scoring high on<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">sensation</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">seeking</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>possess certain advantages, for instance, dealing with stress and<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">risk</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">, yet may also cause problems of various kinds. The<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="background-color:#ffffb3;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">review</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:arial;font-size:16px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:start;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>ends by pointing out implications for research and practice.</span></p><p><a href="https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2158244018824498">Go to Sage Open.</a><br></p>
Petersson, Magnus and Berndtsson, Joakim and Ydén, Karl (2019): Sweden and the Issue of NATO Membership: Exploring a Public Opinion Paradox. Defence Studies.Petersson, Magnus and Berndtsson, Joakim and Ydén, Karl (2019): Sweden and the Issue of NATO Membership: Exploring a Public Opinion Paradox. Defence Studies.<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">The past decade has seen substantial shifts in Swedish security policy and major change in the domestic debate about<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">NATO</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">. For the first time, all of the right-of-centre “alliance parties” are calling for a full<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">NATO</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">membership</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">, and popular support for<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">NATO</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>has increased. Yet<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">public</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">opinion</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>contains ambiguities and paradoxes that complicate the picture. At the same time as support for<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">NATO</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>has increased, the<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">public</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>is overwhelmingly<span> </span></span><em>for</em><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>continued military non-alignment. Drawing on previous research, longitudinal data from national surveys, and other sources on defence and security issues, this article aims to increase our understanding of the development and change in Swedish<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">public</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">opinion</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span>on<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">NATO</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">. A key argument is that Erving Goffman’s theatre metaphor, combined with neo-institutional decoupling theory, to a large degree can help understand the<span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">public</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">opinion</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;"><span> </span></span><span class="single_highlight_class" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:#dedede;padding:2px;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;">paradox</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;font-style:normal;font-weight:400;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:left;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;display:inline !important;float:none;">.</span></p><p><a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14702436.2019.1568192">Go to Defence Studies.</a><br></p>

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