Russia’s Changing Strategy and Warfare. What now, NATO?<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Russian_Spetsnaz_-_EDM_April_26__2016_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Russia’s Changing Strategy and Warfare. What now, NATO?On 28 May, distinguished scholars and policy-makers meet at the IFS Russia Strategy Forum to discuss key developments in the theory and practice of Russia’s strategic thinking and NATO’s progress in meeting the new Russia challenge. http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/russia’s-nato-strategy-warfare
Necesse nr. 1, 2020 "Sjømilitær utvikling i Russland og Kina. Grunnlag for bekymring?"<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Necesse%20VOL%205_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Necesse nr. 1, 2020 "Sjømilitær utvikling i Russland og Kina. Grunnlag for bekymring?"I denne utgaven ønsker forfatterne å gi noen svar på hvilke faktorer som påvirker Norges behov for sjømakt i fremtiden. http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Forskning/Publikasjoner/Necesse/necesse-2020-1
Søgaard: Resultatansvar i sentraladministrasjonen?<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/IFS%20Insight%204_2020%20bilde.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Søgaard: Resultatansvar i sentraladministrasjonen?I månedens insight argumenterer Fridthjof Søgaard for at det kan realiseres betydelige samfunnsmessige gevinster hvis departementsfellesskapet etablerer en ordning med målbare resultatkrav og et dokumenterbart meritterende karrieresystem.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/ifs-insights-kronologisk-(2010-)/sogaard_resultatansvar_sentraladministrasjonen
Maritime Cyber Resilience<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Maritime%20Cyber%20Resilience.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Maritime Cyber ResilienceI dette fireårige prosjektet undersøkes mulighetene for å utvikle og forbedre cybersikkerheten i maritime digitale systemer og maritime operasjoner.http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Forskning/mass-soldal-lund-cyber-og-cybersikkerhet-i-maritime-digitale-systemer-og-maritime-operasjoner
The Future of NATO<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/2020-04-27_The%20Future%20of%20NATO_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />The Future of NATOIs NATO in a state of peril? What could be done to improve the strength and reputation of the Alliance? The seminar will address these questions, with contributions from the Norwegian Prime Minister, authors of a new, important book on the future of NATO, and Norway’s Ambassador to NATO. http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/en/events/the-future-of-nato
Norsk-ukrainsk forsvarsforskning?<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/NDU%20visit%20to%20NDUC%202020_redigert.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Norsk-ukrainsk forsvarsforskning?Digitalisering, anti-korrupsjonsarbeid og strategisk kommunikasjon peker seg ut som områder for et mulig fremtidig norsk-ukrainsk akademisk samarbeid.http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/norge-ukraina-forsvar-forskning

 Vitenskapelige artikler

 

 

Lene Ekhaugen. 2020. Whole-of-government coordination for complex operations: Symbolic politics or coordination failure? Journal of Strategic StudiesLene Ekhaugen. 2020. Whole-of-government coordination for complex operations: Symbolic politics or coordination failure? Journal of Strategic Studies<p>​<span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Whole-of-government coordination has produced meagre results if measured against declared aims. However, an assessment of such coordination efforts should include also unstated aims. Based on an in-depth study of the primary high-level coordination body for Norway’s Afghanistan engagement, this article finds that the body was successful in pursuing symbolic politics. Showcasing was an underlying but non-declared aim of the body in question. These findings are significant because they provide an explanation why governments continue to pursue this kind of coordination efforts despite their apparent lack of success. Improved coordination was achieved mostly in terms of information sharing.</span><br></p><p><span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Link to the article: <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01402390.2020.1730819">https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01402390.2020.1730819</a></span></p>
Bukkvoll, Tor and Åse G. Østensen. 2020. The Emergence of Russian Private Military Companies: A New Tool of Clandestine Warfare. Special Operations Journal.Bukkvoll, Tor and Åse G. Østensen. 2020. The Emergence of Russian Private Military Companies: A New Tool of Clandestine Warfare. Special Operations Journal.<p>​<span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">In recent years, the Russian private security and military company (PMSC) industry has evolved to serve the needs of both business clients as well as governments. Thus far, the ties between the Kremlin and the Russian PMSC industry are ambiguous and seem to vary across the different companies. What seems clear though, is that the Kremlin is experimenting with the utility of these companies and that the use of PMSCs is on the rise. Private security and military companies are neither explicitly legal nor illegal in Russia, a status that may serve Russian authorities well in situations where attribution and attention is unwanted. While the exact shape and role of the Russian PMSC industry may not be carved out fully, Russia is now home to a small, but potent, PMSC industry that can be mobilized to inflict harm on the country’s enemies.</span><br></p><p><span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Link to the article in Special Operations Journal: <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23296151.2020.1740528">https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23296151.2020.1740528</a><br></span></p>
Sjur Johansen Øfsteng, Ina Garthe, Øyvind Jøsok, Silje Knox, Kirsi Helkala, Ben Knox, Stian Ellefsen and Bent R. Rønnestad. No effect of increasing protein intake during military exercise with severe energy deficit on body composition and performance. Sjur Johansen Øfsteng, Ina Garthe, Øyvind Jøsok, Silje Knox, Kirsi Helkala, Ben Knox, Stian Ellefsen and Bent R. Rønnestad. No effect of increasing protein intake during military exercise with severe energy deficit on body composition and performance. <p>​<span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;">In this study, we compare the effects of isocaloric high‐ (HIGH: 2 g kg</span><span style="box-sizing:border-box;font-size:12px;line-height:0;vertical-align:baseline;top:-0.5em;color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;">−1</span><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;"> d</span><span style="box-sizing:border-box;font-size:12px;line-height:0;vertical-align:baseline;top:-0.5em;color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;">−1</span><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;">, n = 19) and low‐protein diet (LOW: 1 g kg</span><span style="box-sizing:border-box;font-size:12px;line-height:0;vertical-align:baseline;top:-0.5em;color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;">−1</span><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;"> d</span><span style="box-sizing:border-box;font-size:12px;line-height:0;vertical-align:baseline;top:-0.5em;color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;">−1</span><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;">, n = 19) on changes in body composition, muscle strength, and endocrine variables in response to a 10‐day military field exercise with energy deficit, followed by 7 days of recovery. Body composition (DXA), one repetition maximum (1RM) bench and leg press, counter‐movement jump height (CMJ) and blood variables were assessed before and after the exercise. Performance and blood variables were reassessed after 7 days of recovery. The 10‐day exercise resulted in severe energy deficit in both LOW and HIGH (−4373 ± 1250, −4271 ± 1075 kcal d</span><span style="box-sizing:border-box;font-size:12px;line-height:0;vertical-align:baseline;top:-0.5em;color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;">−1</span><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;">) and led to decreased body mass (−6.1%, −5.2%), fat mass (−40.5%, −33.4%), 1RM bench press (−9.5%, −9.7%), 1RM leg press (−7.8%, −8.3%), and CMJ (−14.7%, −14.6%), with no differences between groups. No change was seen for fat‐free mass. In both groups, the exercise led to a switch toward a catabolic physiological milieu, evident as reduced levels of anabolic hormones (testosterone, IGF‐1) and increased levels of cortisol (more pronounced in HIGH, </span><em>P</em><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;"> < .05). Both groups also displayed substantial increases in creatine kinase. After 7 days of recovery, most variables had returned to close‐to pre‐exercise levels, except for CMJ, which remained at reduced levels. In conclusion, increased protein intake during 10‐day military field exercise with severe energy deficiency did not mitigate loss of body mass or impairment of physical performance.</span><br></p><p><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;">Link to the article in <span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:verdana, sans-serif;color:#333333;">Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports</span>: <a href="https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/sms.13634">https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/sms.13634</a> (open access)</span></p>
Sørlie, Henrik, Jørn Hetland, Anders Dysvik, Thomas H. Fosse and Øyvind L. Martinsen. 2020. Person-Organization Fit in a military selection context. Military Psychology.Sørlie, Henrik, Jørn Hetland, Anders Dysvik, Thomas H. Fosse and Øyvind L. Martinsen. 2020. Person-Organization Fit in a military selection context. Military Psychology.<p>​<span style="font-size:13px;">The goal of personnel selection is to find predictors that, together, maximize the explained variance in important job outcomes such as Task Performance or Work Engagement. Common predictors include Intelligence and Big Five Personality. Using Person-Organization Fit (P-O Fit) for selection purposes has been discussed, but, beyond Intelligence and Personality, evidence of the incremental predictive validity of P-O Fit in relation to task performance and work engagement is scarce. This study examines the practical utility of indirectly measured P-O Fit as a selection tool in a military setting. Measures of objective P-O Fit were obtained from actual applicants in a military selection setting and combined with self-report measures of Work Engagement upon organizational entry, and supervisor-rated Task Performance approximately two weeks later. P-O Fit predicted both Task Performance (</span><span style="font-size:13px;">R</span><span style="font-size:13px;">2</span><span style="font-size:13px;"> = .041) and Work Engagement (R2</span><span style="font-size:13px;"> = .038). More importantly, P-O Fit yielded incremental predictive validity in relation to both outcomes, also after controlling for intelligence and personality traits. While our initial models (including age, gender, intelligence, and personality) explained 25.1% and 5.8% of the variance in work engagement and task performance, respectively, this increased to 26.3% and 6.3%, respectively, after the inclusion of P-O Fit. Implications for practical use in selection systems are discussed.</span></p><p><span style="font-size:13px;">Open access: <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08995605.2020.1724752">https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08995605.2020.1724752</a></span></p>
Enstad, Kjetil. 2020. Doing one’s job: translating politics into military practice in the Norwegian mentoring mission to Iraq. Small Wars & InsurgenciesEnstad, Kjetil. 2020. Doing one’s job: translating politics into military practice in the Norwegian mentoring mission to Iraq. Small Wars & Insurgencies<p>​<span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">This article investigates how political ambitions are translated into military practice in the small Norwegian contribution to the International Coalition against ISIL in Iraq from 2017 to 2019. The most important Norwegian political aims do not correspond clearly to a military objective, and thus military practice must take on a symbolic function. Understanding the processes of translation that this requires and the social complexity of operating with such aims with partners and Coalition forces is not straight-forward. The analysis of my interviews with commanders and seconds-in-command concludes by suggesting that such missions may require small-state militaries like the Norwegian to reconceive what constitutes core military practices, and that practice theory or the wider disciplines of sociology and anthropology may inform such a reconception.</span><br></p><p><span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Open access: <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09592318.2020.1714847">https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09592318.2020.1714847</a></span></p>

 Kommende aktiviteter ved FHS

 

 

The Future of NATOThe Future of NATO4/27/2020 10:15:00 AM4/27/2020 12:15:00 PM2020-04-27T12:15:00Z2020-04-27T10:15:00ZConferenceOslo Norwayhttp://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/en/events/the-future-of-nato
Utsatt: Team og lederskap in extremisUtsatt: Team og lederskap in extremis5/13/2020 10:00:00 PM5/14/2020 10:00:00 PM2020-05-14T22:00:00Z2020-05-13T22:00:00ZKonferanseAkershus festning (Oslo)http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/team-og-lederskap-in-extremis
Russia’s Changing Strategy and Warfare. What now, NATO?Russia’s Changing Strategy and Warfare. What now, NATO?5/28/2020 6:30:00 AM5/28/2020 10:30:00 AM2020-05-28T10:30:00Z2020-05-28T06:30:00ZKonferansehttp://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/russia’s-nato-strategy-warfare
Utsatt: Omstillingskonferansen 2020Utsatt: Omstillingskonferansen 202010/1/2020 8:00:00 AM10/1/2020 10:00:00 AM2020-10-01T10:00:00Z2020-10-01T08:00:00ZKonferansehttp://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/omstillingskonferansen-2020-opprustningskonferansen

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