Bøllete og unnvikende sjefer like ille<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Destruktiv%20ledelse_Marion-Aaseerud-Dahlen_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Bøllete og unnvikende sjefer like illeAktiv og passiv destruktiv ledelse gir omtrent like store negative konsekvenser for arbeidsmiljøet. Det viser funn gjort av norsk forskergruppe. http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Forskning/bollete-og-unnvikende-sjefer-like-ille-destruktiv-ledelse
Forsvarets ledelseskonferanse 2019<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Kristin%20Skogen%20Lund.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Forsvarets ledelseskonferanse 2019Mandag 16. september inviterte Stabsskolen ved Forsvarets høgskole til diskusjon med temaet: Får Forsvaret samfunnets beste ledere? Innlederne kom fra Forsvaret, næringslivet og akademia.http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/forsvarets-ledelses-konferanse-2019
Military strategy today: threat, risk, response<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/DSC_4587_redigert.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Military strategy today: threat, risk, responseOn 25 September 2019, the Command and Staff College brought together experts to discuss the challenges facing NATO in a more dangerous and unpredictable world.http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/military-strategy-today-threat-risk-response
Klar til strid? Forsvarets kompetansebehov i en ny "kald krig"<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/2019-11-21_Klar%20til%20strid_Jakob%20Østheim_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Klar til strid? Forsvarets kompetansebehov i en ny "kald krig"21. november diskuterer forskere og praktikere sammenhengen mellom norsk forsvarsevne og Forsvarets personell- og kompetansebeholdning. http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/forsvaret-kompetanse-behov
Hvordan skal vi forsvare Norge?<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/2019-09-23%20LTP%20forsvarskonsepter_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Hvordan skal vi forsvare Norge?Hva er et forsvarskonsept, og hvordan bør Norges forsvarskonsept se ut i dag? 23. september inviterte IFS til det andre seminaret (av tre) om arbeidet med regjeringens nye langtidsplan for Forsvaret (LTP). http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/hvordan-skal-vi-forsvare-norge

 Vitenskapelige artikler

 

 

Ekhaugen, Lene. Coordination as showcasing: the establishment of Norway’s Afghanistan Forum. Defence Studies (19)3Ekhaugen, Lene. Coordination as showcasing: the establishment of Norway’s Afghanistan Forum. Defence Studies (19)3<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">In complex operations such as the interventions in Iraq and Afghanistan, where multiple government ministries are involved in putting together a state’s contributions, the use of national-level coordination bodies has become more widespread. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Research has taken for granted that the rationale behind these bodies reflects their declared aim – enhanced coordination as a means to improve mission effectiveness. However, they appear to have had modest effect on coordination. That notwithstanding, they seem to remain popular. This prompts us to ask why such bodies are actually established. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">This article – based on in-depth interviews and archival records – critically explores the establishment of Norway’s ad hoc, inter-ministerial, political-level Afghanistan Forum.</span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;"> Distinguishing between a structural-instrumental, a cultural-institutional and an environmental perspective from organizational theory to structure the analysis, this article shows that the declared purpose of the forum, inter-ministerial coordination, proved less important than showcasing coordination efforts and keeping the coalition together. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">In addition, national traditions in handling coordination challenges in the central government apparatus and powerful international reforms helped bring the forum about. This has implications for research on the rationale and effectiveness of these bodies, and also for understanding their policy relevance.</span><br></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">To download <span style="font-family:proximanova, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:16px;">from Taylor & Francis </span>(behind paywall): <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14702436.2019.1637258" target="_blank">https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14702436.2019.1637258</a> </span></p>
Isaksen, Bjørn Gunnar M. and Ken R. McNaught. Uncertainty handling in estimative intelligence – challenges and requirements from both analyst and consumer perspectives, Journal of Risk Research. Isaksen, Bjørn Gunnar M. and Ken R. McNaught. Uncertainty handling in estimative intelligence – challenges and requirements from both analyst and consumer perspectives, Journal of Risk Research. <p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Important assessments of events and activities relating to military, terrorist and hybrid adversaries and the intentions of foreign governments, are made every day, usually involving subjective or ‘estimative’ probabilities and an associated level of confidence. The way in which these uncertainties are accessed and communicated can potentially have enormous impact and consequences. Challenges are reinforced by increasingly complex intelligence problems for which the contemporary analytic paradigm is not tailored to cope. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">It is important to better understand how defence intelligence analysts and consumers handle uncertainty in their assessment and decision support activities and what challenges and requirements they face in doing so. This is mainly achieved by the use of semi-structured interviews with a sample of very senior consumers of military intelligence (mostly Flag Officers of the Norwegian Armed Forces) and focus group interviews with groups of Norwegian intelligence analysts. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">In general, respondents found it difficult or challenging to conceptualize uncertainty analytically. This has implications for the communication of uncertainty and its use in decision-making within the current framework. Secondly, respondents were receptive to suggested potential improvements to the existing framework. One such suggestion involved a differentiated framework, offering different levels of uncertainty resolution in different situations, although none of the respondents had any experience of such a framework for assessing or communicating uncertainty. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">We conclude with some recommendations to improve the process of uncertainty and risk communication in this important and consequential application area. Having particular implications for policy, we recommend that analysts follow a differentiated approach in handling different situations and problems comprising uncertainty, rather than pursuing a standard solution as is current practice.</span><br></p><p>Go to the article (behind paywall): <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13669877.2018.1474245?journalCode=rjrr20">https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13669877.2018.1474245?journalCode=rjrr20</a><br></p>
Tamnes, Rolf. Småstatsrealisme i 70 år. Internasjonal politikk (77) 1Tamnes, Rolf. Småstatsrealisme i 70 år. Internasjonal politikk (77) 1<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:charter, serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;">Norges tilslutning til Atlanterhavspakten i 1949 markerte et vendepunkt i norsk sikkerhetspolitikk. Norsk sikkerhet kom til å hvile på NATO, med USA som fremste støttemakt. I den senere tid er det transatlantiske samarbeidet kommet under press, og det stilles spørsmål ved den amerikanske garantien. Det kan medføre en alvorlig utfordring for norsk sikkerhet. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:charter, serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;">På lang sikt vil det kunne vokse frem et strategisk partnerskap i Nord-Europa og Norden, som kan bli en bærebjelke for norsk sikkerhetspolitikk og markere et nytt vendepunkt. Norges strategiske omgivelser er omskiftelige. Samtidig finnes noen bestandige trekk i norsk sikkerhetspolitisk tenkning, som kan betegnes som småstatsrealisme. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:charter, serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;">Viktigst er betydningen av å bli beskyttet av større makter, men også å holde dem på avstand, samt folkeretten og den globale orden som sikkerhetsnett, der rett går foran makt.</span><br></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:charter, serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;">Artikkelen er open access: <a href="https://tidsskriftet-ip.no/index.php/intpol/article/view/1617">https://tidsskriftet-ip.no/index.php/intpol/article/view/1617</a></span></p>
Lugo, Ricardo G., Andrea Firth-Clark, Benjamin J. Knox, Øyvind Jøsok, Kirsi Helkala og Stefan Sütterlin. Cognitive Profiles and Education of Female Cyber Defence Operators, Lecture Notes in Computer ScienceLugo, Ricardo G., Andrea Firth-Clark, Benjamin J. Knox, Øyvind Jøsok, Kirsi Helkala og Stefan Sütterlin. Cognitive Profiles and Education of Female Cyber Defence Operators, Lecture Notes in Computer Science<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Important assessments of events and activities relating to military, terrorist and hybrid adversaries and the intentions of foreign governments, are made every day, usually involving subjective or ‘estimative’ probabilities and an associated level of confidence. The way in which these uncertainties are accessed and communicated can potentially have enormous impact and consequences. Challenges are reinforced by increasingly complex intelligence problems for which the contemporary analytic paradigm is not tailored to cope. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">It is important to better understand how defence intelligence analysts and consumers handle uncertainty in their assessment and decision support activities and what challenges and requirements they face in doing so. This is mainly achieved by the use of semi-structured interviews with a sample of very senior consumers of military intelligence (mostly Flag Officers of the Norwegian Armed Forces) and focus group interviews with groups of Norwegian intelligence analysts. In general, respondents found it difficult or challenging to conceptualize uncertainty analytically. This has implications for the communication of uncertainty and its use in decision-making within the current framework. Secondly, respondents were receptive to suggested potential improvements to the existing framework. One such suggestion involved a differentiated framework, offering different levels of uncertainty resolution in different situations, although none of the respondents had any experience of such a framework for assessing or communicating uncertainty. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">We conclude with some recommendations to improve the process of uncertainty and risk communication in this important and consequential application area. Having particular implications for policy, we recommend that analysts follow a differentiated approach in handling different situations and problems comprising uncertainty, rather than pursuing a standard solution as is current practice.</span><br></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">The article in full text (behind pay wall): <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13669877.2018.1474245?journalCode=rjrr20" target="_blank">https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13669877.2018.1474245?journalCode=rjrr20</a></span></p>
Fosse, Thomas Hol. 2019. "Active and passive forms of destructive leadership in a military context: a systematic review and meta-analysis". European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. Open access Fosse, Thomas Hol. 2019. "Active and passive forms of destructive leadership in a military context: a systematic review and meta-analysis". European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. Open access <p>​<span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Since the turn of the millennium, a growing academic interest has emerged regarding the dark side of leadership, both in general and specific contexts. Characteristics of military organisations may either reduce or exaggerate the prevalence and impact of destructive leadership. It is therefore pertinent to explore antecedents and outcomes of destructive leadership in the military context as compared to other settings. </span></p><p><span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Here, we systematically reviewed the current literature and performed a meta-analysis of destructive forms of leadership in a military context. The reviewed studies (</span><em>K</em><span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;"> = 27) primarily employed context-free instruments, applied cross-sectional designs, and examined outcomes of destructive leadership. Both active (e.g., abusive supervision) and passive (e.g., laissez-faire) forms of destructive leadership were examined in the meta-analysis (</span><em>K</em><span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;"> = 22, </span><em>N</em><span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;"> = 10,716). The mean correlation to performance, attitude, health, and well-being was −.29 for active destructive leadership, −.29 for passive forms of destructive leadership and, in comparison, .32 for constructive and effective forms of leadership. </span></p><p><span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Our findings demonstrate that passive and active forms of destructive leadership in a military context may contribute equally to detrimental outcomes, and that successful strategies to prevent and handle consequences of destructive leadership must address both forms of unwanted leadership behaviour.</span><br></p><p><span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Open access, go to download: <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1359432X.2019.1634550">https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1359432X.2019.1634550</a></span></p>

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