Maritime Cyber Resilience<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Maritime%20Cyber%20Resilience.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Maritime Cyber ResilienceI dette fireårige prosjektet undersøkes mulighetene for å utvikle og forbedre cybersikkerheten i maritime digitale systemer og maritime operasjoner.http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Forskning/mass-soldal-lund-cyber-og-cybersikkerhet-i-maritime-digitale-systemer-og-maritime-operasjoner
Hvordan styrke person-grupperelasjonen?<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/2019-05-14%20Cecilie%20Daae_person-gruppekonferanse.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Hvordan styrke person-grupperelasjonen?Konferansen «Hvordan styrke person-grupperelasjonen» ble gjennomført i samarbeid med SPGR Institute og NTNU 13. og 14. mai http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/person-gruppe-relasjon
Forsvarets ledelseskonferanse 2019: Kan Forsvaret bli bedre på ledelse?<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/2019-09-16_Forsvarets%20lederkonferanse%20-%20ingress%20foto_Ole%20B%20Garbo.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Forsvarets ledelseskonferanse 2019: Kan Forsvaret bli bedre på ledelse?Mandag 16. september har vi invitert innledere og debattanter fra Forsvaret, næringslivet og akademia til å diskutere om Forsvaret får samfunnets beste ledere. http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/forsvaret-ledelse-konferanse-2019
Elgsaas: Terror og beredskap i russisk Arktis <img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/IFS_Insight_7_2019.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Elgsaas: Terror og beredskap i russisk Arktis Insighten diskuterer Russlands terrorberedskap i Arktis og mulig flerformålsbruk av denne i dagens utfordrende sikkerhetspolitiske kontekst i Russland og internasjonalt.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/ifs-insights-kronologisk-(2010-)/elgsaas_terror_og_beredskap_i_russisk_arktis
Aamodt and Haugom: Tilting towards Russia but anchored in NATO. Turkey’s foreign policy activism and its implications<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/IFS%20Insight%206_2019%20forsidebilde.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Aamodt and Haugom: Tilting towards Russia but anchored in NATO. Turkey’s foreign policy activism and its implicationsTurkey strengthened ties with Russia after the military coup attempt on July 15, 2016, triggering widespread concerns that Ankara is ‘drifting away’ from NATO.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/ifs-insights-kronologisk-(2010-)/haugom_tilting_towards_russia_but_anchored_in_nato

 Vitenskapelige artikler

 

 

Karlsen, Geir Hågen (2019): "Divide and rule: ten lessons about Russian political influence activities in Europe", Palgrave CommunicationsKarlsen, Geir Hågen (2019): "Divide and rule: ten lessons about Russian political influence activities in Europe", Palgrave Communications<p>​<span style="background-color:transparent;color:#424242;font-family:"pt sans", sans-serif;font-size:16px;">The purpose of this study is to improve understanding of how Russia is conducting political influence activities against Europe. It examines current thinking and perceptions on this topic among Western secret services and is based on an analysis of approximately 40 annual reports from 15 secret services in 11 Western countries, covering the period 2014–2018. This activity is by nature covert, and the analysis given in these reports from Western secret services complements other research and shows the broad range of tools and techniques employed for political influence, and much detail on the execution of these activities. </span></p><p><span style="background-color:transparent;color:#424242;font-family:"pt sans", sans-serif;font-size:16px;">According to these secret services, Russia is the foreign state that tries to influence European politics and decision-making most, and more so than China and other states. These influence activities support three main Russian strategic objectives: regime security, predominance in Russia’s near abroad, and world-power status for Russia.</span></p><p><span style="background-color:transparent;color:#424242;font-family:"pt sans", sans-serif;font-size:16px;"> The long-term objective of Russian influence activities is to weaken NATO and the EU. In the shorter term, it is to lift the sanctions imposed after the Russian intervention in Ukraine in 2014. Russia also has more specific objectives related to each individual country. </span></p><p><span style="background-color:transparent;color:#424242;font-family:"pt sans", sans-serif;font-size:16px;">Russia is targeting the West through a divide and rule approach, using multiple tools of influence. The population is mainly reached through media and social media, exploiting divisive issues. Minorities, refugees, and extremists are used to further this divide and rule approach. Human intelligence and cyber operations are important covert tools of influence. Russia also uses the energy sector, business, and corruption as venues for influence. It has an extensive network of allies and front organizations, and reconstructs reality and rewrites history to legitimize itself and undermine others. </span></p><p><span style="background-color:transparent;color:#424242;font-family:"pt sans", sans-serif;font-size:16px;">Finally, military force is Russia’s ultimate tool of influence. These influence activities are of large-scale, and the threat should be taken seriously, but the reports studied also indicate that the effects of these activities are limited. </span><br></p><p>Open access, <a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/s41599-019-0227-8" target="_blank"><strong>go to Palgrave Communications to download full article</strong></a> <br></p>
Elgsaas, Ingvill Moe (2019): Arctic counterterrorism: can Arctic cooperation overcome its most divisive challenge yet? The Polar Journal.Elgsaas, Ingvill Moe (2019): Arctic counterterrorism: can Arctic cooperation overcome its most divisive challenge yet? The Polar Journal.<p>​<span style="background-color:#ffffff;color:#333333;font-family:proximanova, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:16px;">This article examines the potential for international cooperation in Arctic counterterrorism. Focus is on cooperation involving Russia and its immediate Arctic neighbours, the United States and Norway. The article discusses the evolution of hard security cooperation in the Arctic through freezes and thaws in international relations. It further discusses cooperation between Russia and NATO in the global war on terror, and how this common cause turned into a core for contention. The article draws attention to two fundamental and critical impediments to international cooperation in Arctic counterterrorism: aversion to information sharing and the problem of labelling terrorists. Throughout its discussions, the article illustrates lingering trust issues between Russia and its Western neighbours. This mistrust underscores challenges to hard security cooperation among the Arctic states in general, and to cooperation in the highly politicised field of counterterrorism in particular.</span></p><p style="box-sizing:content-box;margin-bottom:1.875em;font-size:16px;line-height:1.625;margin-top:1em;color:#333333;font-family:proximanova, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;"><span style="box-sizing:content-box;">Read the article in <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/2154896X.2019.1618550?scroll=top&needAccess=true" style="box-sizing:content-box;color:#877040;text-decoration-line:underline;background:transparent;transition:all 0.3s ease 0s;">The Polar Journal</a></span></p><p><br></p>
Danielsen, Helge (2019): Military assistance, Foreign Policy, and national security, Scandinavian Journal of HistoryDanielsen, Helge (2019): Military assistance, Foreign Policy, and national security, Scandinavian Journal of History<p>​<span style="background-color:#ffffff;color:#333333;font-family:proximanova, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:16px;">F</span><span style="background-color:#ffffff;color:#333333;font-family:proximanova, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:16px;">rom the inauguration of the Mutual Defense Assistance Program (MDAP) in 1950, until its termination in the early 1960s, Norway was among the main European beneficiaries of military assistance from the United States. Previous research on this subject has mainly seen the MDAP from the perspective of the recipient, analysing what effect the influx of large amounts of equipment had for the shape and development of the Norwegian Armed Forces. This article discusses the motives for US military assistance to Norway, and analyses this activity as an expression of US Cold War objectives concerning Norway and NATO’s northern flank. The article also explores how these objectives influenced policy making relevant to military assistance, and gives particular attention to the role of US representatives in Oslo. These actors played an important role in highlighting the politicaland strategic benefits of extensive aid to Norway.</span></p><p class="forsvaretElement-p" style="box-sizing:content-box;margin-bottom:1.875em;font-size:16px;line-height:1.625;margin-top:1em;color:#333333;font-family:proximanova, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;">Read the article in <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03468755.2019.1618391?fbclid=IwAR0uDbW2EkTC-zjURT-b0hOHSXE58yHxjMlnBPaKy2SoAXUPLPWv7alkADU" style="box-sizing:content-box;color:#877040;text-decoration-line:underline;background:transparent;transition:all 0.3s ease 0s;">Scandinavian Journal of History</a><br></p><p><br></p>
Svenungsen, Bjørn (2019): Vårt digitale fundament. IFS Insight 5/2019Svenungsen, Bjørn (2019): Vårt digitale fundament. IFS Insight 5/2019<p class="forsvaretElement-p">​​Vårt samfunn og vår velstand hviler i dag på digitale fundament. Alt vi omgir oss med i det daglige og som sørger for at samfunnet fungerer er på ulike måter avhengig av digitale nettverk. Kraftforsyning, landbruk, vannforsyning, finanstransaksjoner, media, helsetjenester, politi, forsvar og etterretning, transportavvikling, myndighetsutøvelse, valg og demokratiske prosesser. Og så videre. Dette er kjent. Men hva er egentlig dette digitale fundament? Hvordan trues det? Hvordan forsvares det?<br></p><p class="forsvaretElement-p">Les <a href="/ifs/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=dd15d490-eece-4791-8487-2ca556af0f7d&TermSetId=4b35d8f5-4855-41ec-b372-51705a331088&TermId=dd4a3a72-93db-4a62-b65d-133c6bf2d32d">IFS Insight her</a>.<br></p>
Flåten, Lars Tore (2019): India Elects: what are the implications for the country’s foreign and security policy? IFS Insight 4/2019Flåten, Lars Tore (2019): India Elects: what are the implications for the country’s foreign and security policy? IFS Insight 4/2019<p class="forsvaretElement-p">​The Indian election is already underway and takes place in seven phases, from 11 April to 19 May. India had entered election mode when the terror attack in Kashmir claimed the lives of forty police force personnel. This event, as well as the subsequent Indian response, placed security policy higher up on the agenda than it usually is in Indian elections. For this reason, it is pertinent to explore the foreign policy legacy of the current government in India, which is dominated by the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). The article also examines what is at stake for India and Asia when the country’s 900 Million eligible voters cast their ballot.</p><p style="box-sizing:content-box;margin-bottom:1.875em;font-size:16px;line-height:1.625;margin-top:1em;color:#333333;font-family:proximanova, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;">Read <a href="/ifs/Sider/Flaten_India_Elects_what_are-_the_implications_for_the_country’s_foreign_and_security_policy.aspx" style="box-sizing:content-box;color:#877040;text-decoration-line:underline;background:transparent;transition:all 0.3s ease 0s;">IFS Insight here.</a><br></p><p><br></p>

 Kommende aktiviteter ved FHS

 

 

Forsvarets ledelseskonferanse 2019: Kan Forsvaret bli bedre på ledelse?Forsvarets ledelseskonferanse 2019: Kan Forsvaret bli bedre på ledelse?9/16/2019 8:00:00 AM9/16/2019 12:35:00 PM2019-09-16T12:35:00Z2019-09-16T08:00:00Zhttp://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/forsvaret-ledelse-konferanse-2019

​​​