Altinius: Har R2P endret folkeretten?<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/IFS%20Insight%205_2020%20bilde.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Altinius: Har R2P endret folkeretten?I mai-utgaven av IFS Insights ser Jonas Altinius nærmere på anvendelsen av det omdiskuterte «soft law»-prinsippet responsibility to protect, gjerne kalt R2P, og viser at det har påvirket hvordan det internasjonale samfunnet ser beskyttelse av sivile som grunnlag for maktbruk både med og uten FN-mandat.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/ifs-insights-kronologisk-(2010-)/altinius_har-r2p_endret_folkeretten
Søgaard: Resultatansvar i sentraladministrasjonen?<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/IFS%20Insight%204_2020%20bilde.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Søgaard: Resultatansvar i sentraladministrasjonen?I månedens insight argumenterer Fridthjof Søgaard for at det kan realiseres betydelige samfunnsmessige gevinster hvis departementsfellesskapet etablerer en ordning med målbare resultatkrav og et dokumenterbart meritterende karrieresystem.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/ifs-insights-kronologisk-(2010-)/sogaard_resultatansvar_sentraladministrasjonen
Necesse: spesialnummer fra Korona-fronten<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Forside_Korona%20spesial_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Necesse: spesialnummer fra Korona-frontenI dette spesialnummeret utfordrer Necesse alle skriveføre (praktikere og akademikere) til å beskrive og drøfte hvordan de ulike sidene ved Korona-pandemien berører oss. Her skal vi prøve å forstå hva som skjer, hvorfor og ikke minst få frem den viten som kan hjelpe oss alle til å mestre.http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Forskning/Publikasjoner/Necesse/necesse-spesialnummer-korona
Bekjempelse av seksualisert og kjønnsbasert vold i krig og konflikt<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/FN_Mali_7.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Bekjempelse av seksualisert og kjønnsbasert vold i krig og konfliktEn manual utviklet ved Forsvarets høgskole er til godkjenning av NATOs militærkomité.http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Forskning/ny-norskutviklet-metode-for-å-bekjempe-seksualisert-og-kjønnsbasert-vold-i-krig-og-konflikt
Postponed: Russia’s Changing Strategy and Warfare. What now, NATO?<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Russian_Spetsnaz_-_EDM_April_26__2016_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Postponed: Russia’s Changing Strategy and Warfare. What now, NATO?Due to the COVID-19 situation this seminar has been postponed to this autumn as a public event or a webinar. Distinguished scholars and policy-makers will discuss key developments in the theory and practice of Russia’s strategic thinking and NATO’s progress in meeting the new Russia challenge. http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Arrangementer/russia’s-nato-strategy-warfare
Necesse nr. 1, 2020 "Sjømilitær utvikling i Russland og Kina. Grunnlag for bekymring?"<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Necesse%20VOL%205_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Necesse nr. 1, 2020 "Sjømilitær utvikling i Russland og Kina. Grunnlag for bekymring?"I denne utgaven ønsker forfatterne å gi noen svar på hvilke faktorer som påvirker Norges behov for sjømakt i fremtiden. http://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/Forskning/Publikasjoner/Necesse/necesse-2020-1

 Vitenskapelige artikler

 

 

Vikmoen, Olav, Anders Aandstad, Magnhild Skare and more. 2020. Sex differences in the physiological response to a demanding military field exercise. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports.Vikmoen, Olav, Anders Aandstad, Magnhild Skare and more. 2020. Sex differences in the physiological response to a demanding military field exercise. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports.<section class="article-section__content" style="box-sizing:border-box;font-size:16px;line-height:1.5;margin:0px;color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;"><p class="forsvaretElement-p"><strong>Purpose<br></strong><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;">To investigate sex differences in the effect of a military field exercise on physical performance, body composition, and blood biomarkers.</span></p></section><section class="article-section__content" style="box-sizing:border-box;font-size:16px;line-height:1.5;margin:0px;color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;"><p class="forsvaretElement-p"><strong>Methods<br></strong><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;">Measurements were done in 23 male and 12 female conscripts before, and 0, 1, 3, 7, and 14 days after a 6‐day military field exercise.</span></p></section><section class="article-section__content" style="box-sizing:border-box;font-size:16px;line-height:1.5;margin:0px;background-color:#ffffff;"><p class="forsvaretElement-p"><b style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;">Results</b><font color="#1c1d1e" face="open sans, icomoon, sans-serif"><b><br></b></font><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;">During the field exercise, body mass decreased more in men (−6.5 ± 1.1 kg) than in women (−2.7 ± 0.7 kg), and muscle mass decreased only in men (−2.7 ± 1.0 kg). Body composition recovered within one week. Performance decreased, with no differences between men and women for countermovement jump (CMJ,‐19 ± 8 vs. −18 ± 11%), medicine ball throw (MBT, −11 ± 7 vs. −11 ± 7%), and an anaerobic performance test (EVAC, −55 ± 22 vs. −47 ± 31%, men and women, respectively). MBT and EVAC performance recovered within two weeks, whereas CMJ performance was still reduced in men (−17 ± 6%) and women (−9 ± 8%) after two weeks recovery, with a larger reduction in men. Both men and women decreased [IGF‐1] (−28 ± 9 vs. −41 ± 8%) and increased [cortisol] (26 ± 26 vs. 66 ± 93%, men and women, respectively) during the exercise. Most biomarkers returned to baseline values within one week.</span></p></section><section class="article-section__content" style="box-sizing:border-box;font-size:16px;line-height:1.5;margin:0px;background-color:#ffffff;"><p class="forsvaretElement-p"><b style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;">Conclusions</b><font color="#1c1d1e" face="open sans, icomoon, sans-serif"><b><br></b></font><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;">Men lost more body mass and muscle mass than women during a field exercise, but these differences did not lead to sex differences in changes in explosive strength and anaerobic performance. However, women recovered explosive strength in the legs faster than men.</span></p></section><p>Read the article here: <a href="https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/sms.13689">https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/sms.13689</a> (open access)<br></p>
Enstad, Johannes Due and Håvard Bækken. 2020. Identity under Siege: Selective Securitization of History in Putin's Russia. JSTOR.Enstad, Johannes Due and Håvard Bækken. 2020. Identity under Siege: Selective Securitization of History in Putin's Russia. JSTOR.<p>​<span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:arial, "helvetica neue", helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:14px;">This article explores state efforts to safeguard national history and identity in Putin's Russia. It is argued that a process of selective securitization has been taking place, whereby elite actors have defined certain (but not all) aspects of Russia's history and identity as vital and existentially threatened interests that need to be forcefully defended. This has paved the way for wide-reaching state policy on the Great Patriotic War and given security actors an important role in its formulation. While the narrative of victory and unity surrounding the Great Patriotic War has become subject to securitization, state policy on the more contentious issue of Stalin's dictatorship has been much more ambiguous. When it comes to Stalin, the state has not sought to unify the population behind a common narrative, but rather to accommodate the value pluralism present among Russian elites and in society at large.</span><br></p><p><span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:arial, "helvetica neue", helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:14px;">Download the article here: <a href="https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5699/slaveasteurorev2.98.2.0321?seq=1">https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5699/slaveasteurorev2.98.2.0321?seq=1</a></span></p>
Lene Ekhaugen. 2020. Whole-of-government coordination for complex operations: Symbolic politics or coordination failure? Journal of Strategic StudiesLene Ekhaugen. 2020. Whole-of-government coordination for complex operations: Symbolic politics or coordination failure? Journal of Strategic Studies<p>​<span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Whole-of-government coordination has produced meagre results if measured against declared aims. However, an assessment of such coordination efforts should include also unstated aims. Based on an in-depth study of the primary high-level coordination body for Norway’s Afghanistan engagement, this article finds that the body was successful in pursuing symbolic politics. Showcasing was an underlying but non-declared aim of the body in question. These findings are significant because they provide an explanation why governments continue to pursue this kind of coordination efforts despite their apparent lack of success. Improved coordination was achieved mostly in terms of information sharing.</span><br></p><p><span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Link to the article: <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01402390.2020.1730819">https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01402390.2020.1730819</a></span></p>
Bukkvoll, Tor and Åse G. Østensen. 2020. The Emergence of Russian Private Military Companies: A New Tool of Clandestine Warfare. Special Operations Journal.Bukkvoll, Tor and Åse G. Østensen. 2020. The Emergence of Russian Private Military Companies: A New Tool of Clandestine Warfare. Special Operations Journal.<p>​<span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">In recent years, the Russian private security and military company (PMSC) industry has evolved to serve the needs of both business clients as well as governments. Thus far, the ties between the Kremlin and the Russian PMSC industry are ambiguous and seem to vary across the different companies. What seems clear though, is that the Kremlin is experimenting with the utility of these companies and that the use of PMSCs is on the rise. Private security and military companies are neither explicitly legal nor illegal in Russia, a status that may serve Russian authorities well in situations where attribution and attention is unwanted. While the exact shape and role of the Russian PMSC industry may not be carved out fully, Russia is now home to a small, but potent, PMSC industry that can be mobilized to inflict harm on the country’s enemies.</span><br></p><p><span style="background-color:transparent;color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Link to the article in Special Operations Journal: <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23296151.2020.1740528">https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23296151.2020.1740528</a><br></span></p>
Sjur Johansen Øfsteng, Ina Garthe, Øyvind Jøsok, Silje Knox, Kirsi Helkala, Ben Knox, Stian Ellefsen and Bent R. Rønnestad. No effect of increasing protein intake during military exercise with severe energy deficit on body composition and performance. Sjur Johansen Øfsteng, Ina Garthe, Øyvind Jøsok, Silje Knox, Kirsi Helkala, Ben Knox, Stian Ellefsen and Bent R. Rønnestad. No effect of increasing protein intake during military exercise with severe energy deficit on body composition and performance. <p>​<span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;">In this study, we compare the effects of isocaloric high‐ (HIGH: 2 g kg</span><span style="box-sizing:border-box;font-size:12px;line-height:0;vertical-align:baseline;top:-0.5em;color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;">−1</span><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;"> d</span><span style="box-sizing:border-box;font-size:12px;line-height:0;vertical-align:baseline;top:-0.5em;color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;">−1</span><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;">, n = 19) and low‐protein diet (LOW: 1 g kg</span><span style="box-sizing:border-box;font-size:12px;line-height:0;vertical-align:baseline;top:-0.5em;color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;">−1</span><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;"> d</span><span style="box-sizing:border-box;font-size:12px;line-height:0;vertical-align:baseline;top:-0.5em;color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;">−1</span><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;">, n = 19) on changes in body composition, muscle strength, and endocrine variables in response to a 10‐day military field exercise with energy deficit, followed by 7 days of recovery. Body composition (DXA), one repetition maximum (1RM) bench and leg press, counter‐movement jump height (CMJ) and blood variables were assessed before and after the exercise. Performance and blood variables were reassessed after 7 days of recovery. The 10‐day exercise resulted in severe energy deficit in both LOW and HIGH (−4373 ± 1250, −4271 ± 1075 kcal d</span><span style="box-sizing:border-box;font-size:12px;line-height:0;vertical-align:baseline;top:-0.5em;color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;">−1</span><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;">) and led to decreased body mass (−6.1%, −5.2%), fat mass (−40.5%, −33.4%), 1RM bench press (−9.5%, −9.7%), 1RM leg press (−7.8%, −8.3%), and CMJ (−14.7%, −14.6%), with no differences between groups. No change was seen for fat‐free mass. In both groups, the exercise led to a switch toward a catabolic physiological milieu, evident as reduced levels of anabolic hormones (testosterone, IGF‐1) and increased levels of cortisol (more pronounced in HIGH, </span><em>P</em><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;"> < .05). Both groups also displayed substantial increases in creatine kinase. After 7 days of recovery, most variables had returned to close‐to pre‐exercise levels, except for CMJ, which remained at reduced levels. In conclusion, increased protein intake during 10‐day military field exercise with severe energy deficiency did not mitigate loss of body mass or impairment of physical performance.</span><br></p><p><span style="color:#1c1d1e;font-family:"open sans", icomoon, sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#ffffff;">Link to the article in <span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:verdana, sans-serif;color:#333333;">Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports</span>: <a href="https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/sms.13634">https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/sms.13634</a> (open access)</span></p>

 Kommende aktiviteter ved FHS

 

 

Utsatt: Omstillingskonferansen 2020Utsatt: Omstillingskonferansen 202010/1/2020 8:00:00 AM10/1/2020 10:00:00 AM2020-10-01T10:00:00Z2020-10-01T08:00:00ZKonferansehttp://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/omstillingskonferansen-2020-opprustningskonferansen
POSTPONED: The Future of NATOPOSTPONED: The Future of NATO10/1/2020 6:15:00 PM10/1/2020 7:15:00 PM2020-10-01T19:15:00Z2020-10-01T18:15:00Zhttp://forsvaret.no/hogskolene/en/events/the-future-of-nato

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