Exercise and learning regarding unforeseen events will be necessary fundaments to master such situations.
The question is how this best can be dealt with and what educational basis and furthermore what didactic formation and design models that can and should be the basis for the development of competence to master the unforeseen. Educational research on the unforeseen issue also raises new questions and challenges related to leadership, theory development, research methodology and research ethics.
This research program currently has two phases and approaches, where research results are reported in each of their scientific anthologies, in addition to scientific articles, conference contributions, workshops and scientific meetings.
The Norwegian term "Samhandling" (SAM). This concept has distinct differences from English similar words (collaboration, cooperation, coordination, teamwork, joint force with), but the closest one may be "social interaction" or "interaction".
"Samhandling" is widely used, both by Norwegian politicians and researchers, including in connection with various reforms and sectoral activities such as emergency preparedness and education. Similar structures are also found in supranational networks, such as the United Nations. At the same time, the concept of "samhandling" is used both in organization, group and individual level in connection with management, competence management, education and training whereas also technology structures are involved.
Central fundamental thinking in such processes can be identified, among other things, through Immanuel Kant's cosmopolitan ideals and world citizenship. At the same time, both the ideals and practices of cultural, political and system- oriented frameworks are challenged, especially when unforeseen events occur, requiring decision- making and action patterns in addition to pre- defined guidelines.