Starttidspunkt17. januar 2019 09:00
Type hendelseKonferanse

How to do Cyber Defence?

Thursday 17 January 2019, IFS assembled a team of international experts and discussed issues related to cyber defence. How can small countries such as the Nordic-Baltic states successfully defend themselves in the cyber domain?

​Livestream 17 January at 9.00

Date: Thursday, 17 January 2019 
Time: 09.00–13.00 (coffee and registration from 08.30)
Venue: Oslo Military Society, Myntgata 3, 0151 Oslo, Norway
Organiser: Norwegian Defence University College/ Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies (IFS) 

Small, open, and technologically advanced liberal democracies such as the Nordic-Baltic states are increasingly vulnerable to cyber-attacks and digital influence operations. Utilizing cyber-tools, outside actors can today target their critical infrastructure and public debate to inflict harm or influence political outcomes. How can they successfully strengthen their resilience and effectively defend themselves in the cyber domain? 

The last few years have seen several examples of modern cyber operations. In 2015, a quarter-million Ukrainians had their electricity cut a few days before Christmas due to a cyber-attack. The following year the 2016 US presidential campaign was subject to a Russian influence campaign that included cyber espionage against senior American political figures and the use of professional "trolls" and fake social media accounts. 

Defending against cyber threats pose difficult questions such as: Who are responsible for protecting vital but privately owned infrastructure and information? How does one detect and counter attempts at cyber sabotage or espionage? Is it a government responsibility to counter "fake news" spreading on Facebook or Twitter? If so, how? 

Given that in the cyber domain it can be difficult to find effective countermeasures ("denial") and even harder to determine who has carried out an attack ("attribution") – should the Nordic-Baltic states consider developing offensive cyber capabilities to "punish" cyber-aggressors? 


The conference assembled international experts on cyber security and discussed how small states in Northern Europe, such as Norway and the Baltic countries, can effectively defend themselves against contemporary cyber threats. 


  • Welcoming remarks by Professor Katarzyna Zysk, Head of Research, IFS
  • Introduction by Senior Fellow Håkon Lunde Saxi, Head of the Defence Planning Research Programme, IFS

Panel 1: Cyber Defence

  • Cyber Defence as a New Horizon for Nations and NATO by Director Sven Sakkov, International Centre for Defence and Security (ICDS, Estonia)
  • The Need for a Norwegian Digital Border Defence, Professor Olav Lysne, University of Oslo
  • Building Resilience and Detecting & Countering Cyberattacks, Director Cybersecurity Bente Hoff, Norwegian National Security Authority (NSM)
  • Expert panel discussion and Q&A moderated by Senior Advisor Bjørn Svenungsen, IFS/Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Panel 2: Digital Influence Operations

  • Nordic-Baltic Influence Defence: an American View, Director Jed Willard, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Foundation, Harvard University
  • Modern Cyber Defence: the Baltic Experience, Director of Cyber Security and IT Department Jonas Skardinskas, Lithuanian Ministry of National Defence
  • Robotrolling – Replacing Individuals in Messaging, Branch Chief Markku Mantila, NATO Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence (NATO StratCom COE)   
  • Expert panel discussion and Q&A moderated by Senior Fellow Hanne Røislien, The Norwegian Cyber Defence Force (CYFOR)

Closing remarks by Senior Fellow Håkon Lunde Saxi, IFS


The conference was organised in collaboration with the embassies of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.


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Publisert 5. desember 2018 10:09.. Sist oppdatert 14. februar 2019 10:53.