Defence and Security Studies no. 3/2007
Title: European Strategic Culture revisted: The Ends and Means of a Militarised European Union
Author: Per M. Norheim-Martinsen
Does EU have the institutionalised cooperation and the self image of a strategic actor who will act rapidly when necessary?
Over the last decade the European Union has engaged in increasingly demanding military operations. Recognising the need to supplement European crisis management and prevention instruments with the use of force, the European Security Strategy of 2003 asserted that the EU needed “to develop a strategic culture that fosters early, rapid and when necessary, robust intervention”. Do the European Union’s ambitions to play a role in international relations mean that it can also be seen as an emerging strategic actor with the will and means to use military force as part of its foreign policy repertoire?
Supplanting the traditional intergovernmental focus of European Union foreign policy studies with a systematic analysis of the effects of institutionalised cooperation, this study takes a holistic approach based on the concept of “strategic culture” to the analysis of the European Union.
By studying the emergence of a European “strategic culture” from within four central dimensions of the European Security and Defence Policy, the author provides a comprehensive assessment of developments that are of great importance to anyone interested in European security.
Per M. Norheim-Martinsen (b. 1977) is a PhD candidate at the Centre of International Studies, University of Cambridge, where he also read for an MPhil in International Relations (2003). He is a part-time lecturer at the Norwegian Military Academy (Krigsskolen) and he expects to finish his PhD thesis on the emergence of the EU as a strategic actor by the end of 2008. He is also a former officer of the Norwegian Army and he served with the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) in 1998.