Forsvarsstudier no. 3/1994
Title: A victory for collective security. The UN and the Gulf Crisis
Author: Gro Skaaren-Fystro
Number of pages: 112
The study throws light on the role of the UN in the Gulf crisis. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on August 2 1990 was a clear-cut breach of international law, and there was no doubt that the UN Security Council had a formal reason for acting. However, formalities alone cannot explain the commitment made by the Security Council members in the particular crisis. The 12th resolution of the Iraq-Kuwait crisis authorized the use ofall necessary means. Thus it reprensented the closest the organization has come in using the system of economic and military sanctions according to the Charter.
The study concentrates on the questions why the members of the Security Council were able to find consensus in taking these measures, and how the UN system functioned during the crisis.
Gro Skareen Fystro has a degree in political science from the University of Oslo. She was associated with the Institute for Defence Studies in 1993.