Forsvarsstudier no. 4/2005
Title: Were WMDs the Real Issue? The International Community versus Iraq 1991-2003
Authors: Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer & Olav Riste
In Resolution 687, after the Gulf War of 1991, the United Nations Security Council unanimously demanded that Iraq get rid of all weapons of mass destruction, and imposed economic sanctions as well as an intrusive inspection regime. The present study describes and analyses the developments that followed in Iraq, the evolving policy of the United States, the divisions that gradually emerged in the Security Council as to how to deal with Saddam Hussein’s regime, and the role of the western intelligence agencies.
Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer is a Research Fellow at IFS. She holds a Bsc Econ (International Relations and Strategic Studies) from the University of Aberystwyth, and an MSc from the London School of Economics and Political Science, where she is currently writing a PhD thesis.
Olav Riste, D.Phil. (Oxon), now retired, was the founder and first director of the Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies, and is professor emeritus of the Universities of Bergen and Oslo. His most recent book is Norway’s Foreign Relations — a History (Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 2001 and 2005).