Asiatiske sikkerhetsstudier

Kinas og Indias vekst fører til en maktforskyvning mot Asia.

Om noen tiår kan vi stå overfor et internasjonalt maktsystem der spesielt Kina vil tre frem som en ny supermakt med kapasitet til å benytte militærmakt også utenfor regionen. Senter for asiatiske sikkerhetsstudier analyserer denne utviklingen og mulige konsekvenser for Norge og Europa.

Senter for asiatiske sikkerhetsstudier bygger nettverk med institusjoner og forskere i Asia, Europa og USA. En viktig samarbeidspartner er Robert S. Ross, professor i statsvitenskap ved Boston College og professor II ved John King Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies ved Harvard University og ved Forsvarets høgskole.

 Artikler og kapitler i bøker om asiatisk sikkerhet



Røseth, Tom. 2017. "Russia’s energy relations with China: passing the strategic threshold?" Eurasian Geography and Economics. online 16 MarchRøseth, Tom. 2017. "Russia’s energy relations with China: passing the strategic threshold?" Eurasian Geography and Economics. online 16 March<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">This article examines Russian energy policies toward China over the past decade as reluctant engagement changed into a priority energy partnership. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">From 2008 to 2016 Russian and Chinese companies signed several major oil and gas agreements, a period in which Moscow reassessed China as a future energy consumer and lifted bilateral cooperation to a new level. The article utilizes the strategic partnership concept as an analytical framework and finds traditional realist concepts and hedging inadequate for this particular case. </span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">T</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">he study illuminates Russian geopolitical considerations and acceptance of vulnerability, which combined make long-term Russian energy policies more China dependent. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Officially, Russia seeks diversification among Asian energy buyers, but its focus has increasin</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">gly b</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">een on China. Western sanctions imposed in 2014 for Russia’s role in Ukraine accelerated this trend. Moscow’s </span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">energy policies</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;"> toward Beijing with its pipelines and long-term agreements are permanent arrangements that resemble strategic</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;"> partnership policies. China is eager to increase energy relations with Russian companies, but Beijing also ensures that it does not become too dependent on one supplier. Russian concern over its increased dependence on China i</span><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">n the East is deemed secondary to expanding Russia’s customer base beyond the still-dominant European market.</span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;"><a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15387216.2017.1304229" target="_blank">To read the full article, visit the Eurasian Geography and Economics's website (limited access)​</a></span></p><p><span style="font-size:10pt;font-family:"segoe ui", sans-serif;">Hvis du mangler tilgang: kontakt Forsvarets høgskolens bibliotek:<span class="apple-converted-space"> </span></span><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:calibri, sans-serif;"><a href="mailto:bibl@fhs.mil.no"><span style="font-size:10pt;font-family:"segoe ui", sans-serif;color:#663399;">bibl@fhs.mil.no</span></a></span>​<br></p>
Hsiung, Christopher Weidacher. 2016. "China and Arctic energy: drivers and limitations." Polar Journal, online 26 OctoberHsiung, Christopher Weidacher. 2016. "China and Arctic energy: drivers and limitations." Polar Journal, online 26 October<p>​​​China's growing demand for oil and gas is forcing the country to look abroad to secure new sources of imports. The Arctic region could function as such a source, and Chinese oil companies have already started to engage in oil and gas exploration and production there. </p><p>The literature has tended to take this as evidence that China will become an increasingly active and important player in Arctic oil and gas resource developments. This article, however, argues that China's Arctic oil and gas interests are in fact modest. Domestic views on Chinese involvement in Arctic gas and resource development have been mixed and cautious, indicating a wait-and-see approach. There have been few concrete Chinese investments, further indicating limited interest. Only the onshore Yamal LNG project in the Russian Arctic can be characterised as substantial Chinese participation. </p><p>The challenges and high costs of oil and gas production in the Arctic, China's increased import options, the current economic slowdown in China and security developments in the Arctic region all impact China's motivations and possibilities for participation in the development of Arctic energy resources.</p><a href="https://www.fni.no/publications/china-and-arctic-energy-drivers-and-limitations-article1143-290.html" target="_blank"><p>The article is part of a project run by ​​The Fridtjof Nansen Institute. Go the institute's website to access the article.​</p></a>
Engh, Sunniva. 2016. "India's Myanmar policy and the 'Sino-Indian Great Game'". Asian Affairs 47(1)Engh, Sunniva. 2016. "India's Myanmar policy and the 'Sino-Indian Great Game'". Asian Affairs 47(1)<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:proximanova, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:26px;background-color:#ffffff;">​​​​​Recent literature has aimed to “deconstruct” the notion of a “Sino-Indian rivalry” in Myanmar. The argument is that China's leverage in Myanmar far outweighs India's, and that the Tatmadaw nevertheless prevents either country's manipulation of Myanmar. In contrast this article argues that the idea of a “Sino-Indian Great Game” still marks the Indian debate, thinking and policy on Myanmar. China's continued rise will remain a main driver behind India's Myanmar policy, and Myanmar will remain geostrategic relevant to India.​</span><br style="box-sizing:content-box;color:#333333;font-family:proximanova, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:26px;background-color:#ffffff;"><br style="box-sizing:content-box;color:#333333;font-family:proximanova, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:26px;background-color:#ffffff;"><span style="color:#333333;font-family:proximanova, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:26px;background-color:#ffffff;">The article describes the historical legacy of India's relationship with Myanmar, discusses the role of China in Indian Myanmar policies, and examines the effects of Myanmar's democratization process. While the Myanmar playing field has changed, Indian perceptio​ns of a “Sino-Indian Great Game” are lasting.</span></p><p><a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03068374.2015.1130307">To read the article, go to the Taylor & Francis website</a> (ligger bak betalingsmur, ta kontakt med <a href="/hogskolene/forsvarets-hogskole/biblioteket-fhs">FHS bibliotek​</a> for å bestille)</p>
Jo Inge Bekkevold and Kristine Offerdal. 2014. "Norway's High North Policy and New Asian Stakeholders". Strategic AnalysisJo Inge Bekkevold and Kristine Offerdal. 2014. "Norway's High North Policy and New Asian Stakeholders". Strategic Analysis<p>​This article examines the main drivers of Norway’s High North policy towards the new Asian stakeholders. The High North became a foreign policy priority for Norway in 2005, and Norway is building on the foundations of this policy by engaging new Asian stakeholders in Arctic affairs. An aspiration to impact Asian states’ views on Arctic developments early in their policy-making processes, including on the legal and institutional framework for the Arctic through diplomatic dialogue, is one factor explaining Norway’s engagement policy. Another important factor is shared interests in economic cooperation and research. Engaging Asia in Arctic affairs gives Norway an additional platform in its dialogue with Asian countries.</p>
Bjørn Elias Mikalsen Grønning. 2014. "Japan's shifting military priorities: counterbalancing China's rise". Asian Security 10 (1): 1–21Bjørn Elias Mikalsen Grønning. 2014. "Japan's shifting military priorities: counterbalancing China's rise". Asian Security 10 (1): 1–21<p>​This article analyses the most recent phase of Japan's security policy reform, focusing on its shifting priorities towards the Japan Self-Defense Forces and the Japan–US alliance since mid-2010. From a realist perspective, it argues that these shifting military priorities first and foremost represent a traditional counterbalancing response to China's rise. Conforming to the logic inherent in balance of threat theory, it moreover argues that this balancing behavior is explained by a confluence of two primary factors, namely Japanese perceptions of aggressive Chinese behavior in the maritime domain and concerns relating to the changing distribution of capabilities in China's favor<em>.</em></p><p><a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14799855.2013.870157">Full text article in Asian Security (online subscription)</a></p>

 Bøker og rapporter om asiatisk sikkerhet



Bekkevold & Till (eds.): International Order at Sea<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Bekkevold%20ios%202016%20ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Bekkevold & Till (eds.): International Order at SeaInternationally renowned experts within maritime studies examines how international order at sea is challenged, changed and maintained.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/en/Publications/Books/bekkevold-till-international-order-at-sea
Bekkevold, Bowers & Raska (eds.): Security, Strategy and Military Change in the 21st Century <img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/f-35-testing__high.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Bekkevold, Bowers & Raska (eds.): Security, Strategy and Military Change in the 21st Century Strategic thinking, military reform and adaptation in an era of Asian growth, European austerity and US rebalancing. http://forsvaret.no/ifs/book_security-strategy-and-military-change-in-the-21st-century
Basit et al. (eds.) (2014): India Grand Strategy<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/basit_indias_grandstrategy_karu.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Basit et al. (eds.) (2014): India Grand StrategyThis book is a must-read for those who want to learn about India's strategic thought – past and present.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Basit-et-al-eds-2014-India-Grand-Strategy

 Avholdte seminarer og konferanser



Security, strategy and Military Change in the 21st Century<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/130516-F-XL333-538.JPG" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Security, strategy and Military Change in the 21st CenturyOn June 9, the book Security, Strategy and Military Change in the 21st Century: Cross-Regional Perspectives was launched at IFS.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/seminar_9_june_security_21st_cent

 Ansatte ved Senter for asiatisk sikkerhet



Basit, SairaBasit, Sairahttp://forsvaret.no/ifs/basit_saira
Bekkevold, Jo IngeBekkevold, Jo Ingehttp://forsvaret.no/ifs/bekkevold_jo-inge
Bowers, IanBowers, Ianhttp://forsvaret.no/ifs/bowers_ian
Flåten, Lars ToreFlåten, Lars Torehttp://forsvaret.no/ifs/flaten_lars_tore_no
Grønning, Bjørn Elias MikalsenGrønning, Bjørn Elias Mikalsenhttp://forsvaret.no/ifs/grønning_bjørn-elias-mikalsen
Hsiung, Christopher WeidacherHsiung, Christopher Weidacherhttp://forsvaret.no/ifs/hsiung_christopher_weidacher
Tunsjø, ØysteinTunsjø, Øysteinhttp://forsvaret.no/ifs/tunsjo_oystein

Publisert 1. oktober 2014 15:08.. Sist oppdatert 21. november 2016 09:59.