IFS Insights, November 2010
Title: Russia’s foreign energy policy. Paradigm shifts within the geographical context of Europe, Central Eurasia and Northeast Asia
Author: Elena Shadrina
Throughout the transition period, Russia was pursuing an energy policy composed of a set of responses to external developments. However, in the wake of the 2008 crisis, the government expedited the formulation of a new long-term energy strategy aiming to create a comprehensive energy policy to enhance Russia’s sustained development.
Externally, Russia’s decisions in 2009 to postpone its accession to the WTO and refrain from ECT ratification sounded alarmingly. However, Russia’s policy course taken in the overall setting was not entirely destructive. By proposing a conceptual framework for international energy cooperation (April 2009), Russia has demonstrated its willingness to become an actor in global energy governance. Recent transformations in Russia’s energy policy can be read within the context of Russia’s aim to conceptualise its vision of energy security more holistically.
Based on an understanding of Russia’s multirole status (producer, exporter, importer, consumer and transiter) in the energy arena, this work features the complexity of the content of Russia’s foreign energy policy; it also shows its diversity over space and depicts its flexibility over time. This examination is undertaken through the prism of Russia’s energy relations within three geographical loci: Europe, Central Eurasia and Northeast Asia.
Elena Shadrina is postdoctoral researcher at the Graduate School of Modern Society and Culture at the Niigata University (Japan) and adjunct professor of Economics at Temple University, Japan Campus. Her research interests include energy governance, international energy cooperation in Northeast Asia, Central Eurasia and Europe, and Russia’s foreign energy policy. Shadrina has been involved in several energy-related projects funded by the Japan Institute of International Affairs, the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology and the Norwegian Research Council. This work was made possible by a fellowship from the Norwegian Research Council (Program Yggdrasil - Young Guest and Doctoral Researchers’ Annual Scholarships for Investigation and Learning in Norway 2009–2010).