Oslo Files on defence and security no. 2/2008
Title: Emerging from the Frost. Security in the 21st century Arctic
Author: Kjetil Skogrand (ed.)
The anthology comes in four parts. After a brief introduction, the scene is set with a discussion of the various aspects of the geopolitical developments in the High North after the Cold War.
Part two follows with three national perspectives on developments in the Arctic: the Norwegian, the Icelandic and that of the United States.
The third and most extensive part presents research and practice within the areas of jurisdiction, transport, resources and security in the High North.
Finally, General Sverre Diesen, the Norwegian Chief of Defence and initiator of the conference, presents his perspectives on military implications for the Arctic – now emerging from the frost.
Part I: Setting the scene The Arctic in a geo-strategic perspective by Dr Kjetil Skogrand, Senior Fellow, Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies
Part II National perspectives on the Arctic
Arctic Challenges – the fine art of dealing with change
by Anne-Grete Strøm-Erichsen, Norwegian Minister of Defence
Déjà-vu at the North Pole. Perspectives on jurisdiction and military presence
by Björn Bjarnason, Icelandic Minister of Justice and Ecclesiastical Affairs Emerging from the frost: the U.S. perspective
by Claudia A. McMurray, Assistant Secretary, U.S. Department of State
Part III Jurisdiction, transport, resources and security
Jurisdictional issues in the Arctic: an overview
Dr Alf Håkon Hoel, Associate Professor, University of Tromsø
Arctic marine transport and security: responses to changing Arctic Ocean access
by Dr. Lawson W. Brigham, Deputy Director, U.S. Arctic Research Commission
Fisheries inspection and enforcement – an introduction
by Dr Geir Hønneland, Senior Research Fellow, the Fridtjof Nansen Institute
Fisheries inspection and enforcement
by Rear Admiral Trond Grytting, Commander Regional Headquarters North Norway
Energy security in the Arctic region
by Evgeniy Kozhokin, Director, Russia’s Institute for Strategic Studies
The extended concept of energy security by Geir Westgaard, Special Adviser, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Iceland ’s security policy and geopolitics in the North by Dr. Valur Ingimundarson, Professor, University of Iceland
Part IV Military implications
New perspectives on military power in the Arctic
by General Sverre Diesen, Norwegian Chief of Defence