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Frantzen: Hybrid Deterrence

Major General Henning-A. Frantzen (PhD) discusses current security challenges and deterrence in general, focusing on hybrid scenarios as a threat. He offers three key steps for achieving a deterrent effect.


  • Deterrence and defence is back on NATO’s agenda, and so are hybrid threats and conflicts.
  • Hybrid conflict has been seen as conflict short of war, but entails the potential for being used as an initial stage of war.
  • A more seamless approach to deterrence is needed in order to meet both hybrid conflict and war.
  • To achieve a deterrent effect, more effort should be put on developing potential response strategies.
Publisert 15. januar 2020 00:00.. Sist oppdatert 26. august 2020 09:22.