Views from the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany and Norway
- The pandemic and the colossal societal ramifications it has caused so far, illustrate that a broadening of our definition of security beyond military threats, is overdue.
- Resilience should be included as an important element of national security.
- Immediate defence budget reductions are insignificant, but the long-term prospect suggests a downward trend.
- There is a danger that governments undertaking strategic reviews focus too narrowly on pandemics and under-appreciate the more traditional risks.
- The crisis is likely to amplify great power rivalry and pressure on the multilateral system. The erosion of transatlantic relations is part of this problem.
- In the face of new stressors, NATO needs financial and political investment.
- NATO should accelerate its work on communication and critical infrastructure standards.
- The United States and EU should improve coordination and align standards and acquisition rules.
- NATO-EU cooperation on assessing and remedying vulnerabilities is essential in preparing for the next strategic surprise.