In this IFS Insight, Ian Bowers explores what is required for small state deterrence in the contemporary world.
- The ambiguity of today's threat spectrum undermines traditional deterrence concepts.
- The effective communication of capabilities, the setting of red lines and an understanding of what your opponent values are prerequisites for successful deterrence.
- Allies play an essential role in the deterrent approach of small states; however, an independent deterrent capability is still vital.
- Norway needs to articulate its deterrence posture clearly. Failure to do so will increase the likelihood of deterrence failure.
This article is published as a part of the Defence Planning Programme