Publikasjoner

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 Artikler og kronikker om forsvarsomstilling

 

 

Rongved, Gjermund Forfang. 2017. "The Gold War: the dissolution of the Scandinavian Currency Union during the First World War". Scandinavian Economic History Review. Online 21 AugustRongved, Gjermund Forfang. 2017. "The Gold War: the dissolution of the Scandinavian Currency Union during the First World War". Scandinavian Economic History Review. Online 21 August<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">This article explains how the outbreak of the First World War resulted in the de facto dissolution of the Scandinavian Currency Union. Up until the First World War, the union among the central banks of Denmark, Norway and Sweden is considered to be a success. However, the outbreak of war brought cooperation to its knees. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">The article rejects two conventional perspectives on the break-up of the union. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Firstly, that Denmark's and Norway's greater monetary expansion was pivotal to the break-up, whilst Sweden pursued a more prudent monetary policy. In contrast, the article argues that the disintegration of the union is better understood by the implementation of a unilateral Swedish gold blockade policy, influenced by Swedish economic theorists. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Secondly, that Sweden in April 1917 finally solved her problem of continued gold inflows by threatening to withdraw from the union. Quite conversely, it is argued that Swedish the </span><em>Riksbank</em><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;"> had to give up her hard line, because Norwegian </span><em>Norges Bank</em><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;"> throughout 1917 forced through gold shipments to pay for Norway's trade deficit, which resulted in a virtual Gold War between the two countries. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">The scramble for resources saw cordiality being replaced by distrust, whilst national needs overrode any hope of cooperation.</span><br></p><p>To read the full article, go to the Scandinavian Economic History Review (restricted):  <a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03585522.2017.1364292">http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03585522.2017.1364292</a><br></p>
Bogen, Olav and Magnus Håkenstad. 2016. "Reluctant reformers: the economic roots of military change in Norway, 1990–2015". Defence Studies. Online 16 NovemberBogen, Olav and Magnus Håkenstad. 2016. "Reluctant reformers: the economic roots of military change in Norway, 1990–2015". Defence Studies. Online 16 November<p>​The Norwegian Armed Forces has seen extensive reforms since the early 1990s. It has been changed from a large, conscription-based, reservist-dominated territorial Defense force to a smaller, more proficient, and flexible force. However, this process has been far from linear, and to this day the Norwegian Armed Forces retains significant elements of its organizational and cultural cold war heritage. </p><p>We argue that national security concerns, domestic politics and financial constraints have played the main role in shaping the reform of the Armed Forces. This argument gives an alternative to explanations offered by previous research, which has tended to emphasize the role played by international influences, such as the NATO operations in the Balkans and Afghanistan, as well as NATO and US reform initiatives. </p><p>While external factors undoubtedly have shaped the direction and tempo of the reforms, our findings point to long-standing structural and financial imbalances as the key explanation of the current structure of the Norwegian Armed Forces.<br></p><p><a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14702436.2016.1256210" target="_blank"><strong>Go to Taylor & Francis' website to read the full article</strong></a><strong>  </strong><br></p>
Norheim-Martinsen, Per Martin. 2016. "New sources of military change – armed forces as normal organizations". Defence Studies 16 (3)Norheim-Martinsen, Per Martin. 2016. "New sources of military change – armed forces as normal organizations". Defence Studies 16 (3)<p>​​​​The literature on how European states have adapted to the post-cold war security environment ffocuses invariably on different understandings of <em>military transformation</em>, a process which is seen as inherently different from other forms of organizational change. </p><p>However, as this paper argues, new management practices, going back to the introduction of so-called New Public Management (NPM) reforms throughout Europe in the 1980s, have eventually penetrated also the last bastion of the old state – the defense sector. </p><p>Taking a critical approach to the idea of military transformation and existing theories of military change, the paper demonstrates how other international developments have pushed towards what may be seen as a "normalization" of Europe's defense sectors. This has important implications for how we approach and understand change in contemporary defense organizations.</p><p><a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14702436.2016.1195234" target="_blank">To read the article, go to <em>Defence Studies </em>on the Taylor & Francis website. Limited access.​</a></p><p><a href="/hogskolene/forsvarets-hogskole/biblioteket-fhs" target="_blank">Artikkelen ligger bak betalingsmur. Ta kontakt med <b>Forsvarets høgskoles bibliotek </b>hvis du vil lese den.</a></p>
Norheim-Martinsen, Per M. 2015. "Nye trusler endrer lite i norsk forsvarspolitikk" Internasjonal Politikk 73 (3): 403-411Norheim-Martinsen, Per M. 2015. "Nye trusler endrer lite i norsk forsvarspolitikk" Internasjonal Politikk 73 (3): 403-411<p>​<a href="https://www.idunn.no/ip/2015/03" target="_blank">​​Les hele artikkelen her på Internasjonal Politikks nettsider (krever abonnement) </a></p>
Bjerga, Kjell Inge og Per Martin Norheim-Martinsen. 2015. "Kan McKinsey redde Nato?" Dagens næringsliv, 14. januar.Bjerga, Kjell Inge og Per Martin Norheim-Martinsen. 2015. "Kan McKinsey redde Nato?" Dagens næringsliv, 14. januar.<p>Behovet for et robust Nato er synliggjort, men det er knapt grunn til å tro at det blir mer penger til europeisk forsvar av den grunn.<br></p><p><a href="http://www.dn.no/meninger/debatt/2015/01/14/2155/Forsvar/kan-mckinsey-redde-nato">Les hele artikkelen på Dagens næringslivs nettsider (krever abonnement)</a></p>
Norheim-Martinsen, Per Martin. 2014. "Retorikk og realitet". Dagens næringsliv, 24. oktober.Norheim-Martinsen, Per Martin. 2014. "Retorikk og realitet". Dagens næringsliv, 24. oktober.<p>​<a href="http://www.dn.no/meninger/debatt/2014/10/24/2148/Forsvar/retorikk-og-realitet">Les hele artikkelen på nettsidene til Dagens næringsliv (krever innlogging)</a></p>
Per M. Norheim-Martinsen, Magnus Håkenstad og Olav Bogen. 2014. "Ingen ny giv for Forsvaret". Dagens næringsliv, 10. oktoberPer M. Norheim-Martinsen, Magnus Håkenstad og Olav Bogen. 2014. "Ingen ny giv for Forsvaret". Dagens næringsliv, 10. oktober<p>​Regjeringen bør nedsette et bredt forsvarspolitisk utvalg eller en kommisjon for å sikre tverrpolitisk støtte for en kursendring, skriver forskerne Per M. Norheim-Martinsen, Magnus Håkenstad og Olav Bogen.</p><p><a href="http://www.dn.no/meninger/debatt/2014/10/10/2158/Forsvar/ingen-ny-giv-for-forsvaret">Les hele artikkelen på nettsidene til Dagens næringsliv (krever innlogging)</a><br></p>

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Mobech-Hanssen: Forsvarets logistikkprosjekt. Halvparten levert, forsinket og til dobbel pris<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/IFS%20Insight_6_Mobech-Hanssen_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Mobech-Hanssen: Forsvarets logistikkprosjekt. Halvparten levert, forsinket og til dobbel prisForsvarets Felles Integrert Forvaltningssystem (FIF) er et nøkkelelement i digitaliseringen av Forsvaret. Det siste prosjektet, Logistikkprosjektet (LogP), ble høsten 2017 erklært som fullført og en suksess. Da sto halvparten igjen, prosjektet var tre år forsinket og ble levert til dobbel pris.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/ifs-insights-kronologisk-(2010-)/ifs-insights-mobech-hanssen-forsvarets-logistikkprosjekt
Bjerga (2014): Reformer i det enestående militæret<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/phd_bjerga_reform_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Bjerga (2014): Reformer i det enestående militæretMed én forsvarssjef skulle forsvarsgrenene tvinges under demokratisk kontroll. Styringsmessig var imidlertid den mektige forsvarssjefsstillingen et farlig tveegget sverd.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/bjerga_phd_det-enestaende-militaret
Bogen&Håkenstad: Balansegang<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Bokomslag_bogen_hakenstad_omstilling_original.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Bogen&Håkenstad: BalansegangBalansegang er den første samlede, forskningsbaserte fremstilling av omstillingen i Forsvaret. http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/bogen-hakenstad-2015-balansegang

Publisert 14. august 2015 09:34.. Sist oppdatert 6. september 2017 14:07.