Tunsjø: China's rise and strategic adjustments in Asia and Europe<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/IFS%20Insights_1_2018_Tunsjø_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Tunsjø: China's rise and strategic adjustments in Asia and EuropeIFS Insights 1/2018. Focusing on the rise of China will allow us to gauge the direction of US defence and security policy and provide a better understanding of how Norway can maintain strong ties with its most important ally.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/ifs-insights-kronologisk-(2010-)/china-s-rise-and-strategic-adjustments-in-asia-and-europe
Bekkevold & Bowers: Nuclear North Korea<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/IFS%20Insights_4_2017_Bowers-Bekkevold_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Bekkevold & Bowers: Nuclear North KoreaIFS Insights 4/2017. North Korea continues to develop ballistic missiles and nuclear weapons despite international condemnation and increasing political and economic isolation. While war is unlikely, expectations of denuclearisation seem optimistic. Ongoing tensions will likely have substantial short-term and long-term regional strategic implications.New IFS Insights. North Korea continues to develop ballistic missiles and nuclear weapons despite international condemnation and increasing political and economic isolation. While war is unlikely, expectations of denuclearisation seem optimistic. Ongoing tensions will likely have substantial short-term and long-term regional strategic implications.Bekkevold & Bowers: A Nuclear North Korea and Strategic Stability in East Asiahttp://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/ifs-insights-kronologisk-(2010-)/bekkevold-bowers_nuclear-north-korea-stability-east-asia
America’s role in the world and the global trends that are changing it<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Kempe-Americas-role-toppbilde-1.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />America’s role in the world and the global trends that are changing itOn 1 December, Frederick Kempe, President and CEO of the Atlantic Council, visited IFS. He talked about the importance of American global leadership at a time where we see a weakening international order.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/en/events/kempe-usa-role-in-the-world



 Articles and chapters in books

 

 

Saxi, Håkon Lunde, Peter Viggo Jakobsen, and Jens Ringsmose. 2018. "Prestige-seeking small states: Danish and Norwegian military contributions to US-led operations." European Journal of International Security, online 24 JanuarySaxi, Håkon Lunde, Peter Viggo Jakobsen, and Jens Ringsmose. 2018. "Prestige-seeking small states: Danish and Norwegian military contributions to US-led operations." European Journal of International Security, online 24 January<p class="forsvaretElement-p">​In this article we broaden the conventional understanding of prestige and show that prestige-seeking played a major role in the Danish and Norwegian decisions to provide military support to post-Cold War US-led wars. </p><p class="forsvaretElement-p">Both countries made costly military contributions in the hope of increasing their standing and prestige in Washington. Both governments regarded prestige as a form of soft power, which they could later convert into access, influence, and US support. </p><p class="forsvaretElement-p">Our findings are far from trivial. They make a theoretical contribution by demonstrating that small powers understand and seek prestige in ways that differ fundamentally from the ways great powers do. They also help to explain why smaller US allies made costly contributions to the Balkan, Afghan, Iraq, and Libyan wars at a time when there was no direct threat to their national security and their security dependence on the United States was low. </p><p class="forsvaretElement-p">The high value that small US allies attach to their visibility and prestige in Washington suggests that it is far easier for the United States to obtain military support from smaller allies than Realist studies of burden-sharing and collective action problems would lead us to expect.<br></p><p><a href="https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/european-journal-of-international-security/article/prestigeseeking-small-states-danish-and-norwegian-military-contributions-to-usled-operations/8B1F279D7FECCD6EFC456E4C08056467#" target="_blank">To download the article, go to the website of European Journal of International Security </a>(restricted access)<br><br></p>
Gustavsen, Elin. 2017. "The Privatized Meaning of Wartime Deployments: Examining the Narratives of Norwegian Military Spouses". Ethos, online 5 DecemberGustavsen, Elin. 2017. "The Privatized Meaning of Wartime Deployments: Examining the Narratives of Norwegian Military Spouses". Ethos, online 5 December<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", arial, helvetica, "lucida sans unicode", sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#f9f9f9;">This study examines the narratives of eight female spouses of Norwegian veterans of the war in Afghanistan. The narratives are approached as rich cultural texts that arise in the interface between their individual experiences and the sociocultural milieu. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", arial, helvetica, "lucida sans unicode", sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#f9f9f9;">The analysis focuses on the use of “normalization” and “agency” as narrative resources used by the women to organize experience and transform it into meaning. In their accounts, the deployment was not framed as a negative and interruptive event. Nor was it connected to a national narrative of collective meaning. Instead, the spouses conveyed a normalized interpretation in which the meaning of their husbands’ deployment was constructed in close reference to the personal realm of family life. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", arial, helvetica, "lucida sans unicode", sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#f9f9f9;">This article argues that the experience of contemporary warfare has become a marginalized and unsettled experience in Norwegian society. In the absence of a settled repertoire of cultural scripts to portray the experience of having a spouse deployed abroad, the Norwegian military spouses used a privatized framework to interpret their wartime experience.</span><br></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", arial, helvetica, "lucida sans unicode", sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#f9f9f9;"><a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/etho.12176/full">To download the article, go to the homepage of AnthroSource/Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology.</a> (restricted access)</span></p>
Grønning, Bjørn. 2017. "Japan's security cooperation with the Philippines and Vietnam". Pacific Review, online 20 Nov 2017: 1-20Grønning, Bjørn. 2017. "Japan's security cooperation with the Philippines and Vietnam". Pacific Review, online 20 Nov 2017: 1-20<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Japan is abandoning its once unidirectional foreign security policy towards the USA, two notable examples of which are its increasingly comprehensive and substantial security relations with the Philippines and Vietnam. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Putting these burgeoning Japanese security partnerships front and center, this paper asks the following questions: </span></p><p></p><p></p><ul class="forsvaretElement-p"><li>What are the characteristics of Japan's maturing security partnerships with the Philippines and Vietnam? <br></li><li>What factors have driven and enabled their recent emergence? <br></li><li>What promotes and constrains their future development? <br></li><li>What do these maturing Japanese non-US security partnerships reveal about Japan's direction as a security actor in and beyond East Asia? <br></li></ul><p></p><p></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">The paper finds that these two Japanese security bilaterals, which have six basic characteristics in common, are fundamentally driven by the contemporary shift in the balance of power and the strategic challenge that China's emerging maritime power and ambitions present Japan. It moreover argues that the substantiation of these security partnerships have been pursued under American auspices and further invited by Japanese nationalism and security legislative reforms. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Notwithstanding these encouraging factors, however, domestic and geo-strategic constraints and counter incentives lead this paper to expect further substantiation, but limited military significance in the future of these security partnerships.</span><br></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;"><a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09512748.2017.1397730" target="_blank">Go to the homepage of Taylor&Francis to download the article from Pacific Review (restricted access).</a></span></p>
Bowers, Ian. 2017. "Power Asymmetry and the Role of Deterrence in the South China Sea". Korean Journal of Defense Analysis 29 (4): 551–573Bowers, Ian. 2017. "Power Asymmetry and the Role of Deterrence in the South China Sea". Korean Journal of Defense Analysis 29 (4): 551–573<p>​China’s coercive activities in the South China Sea have resulted in a lively academic debate regarding strategies to deter Beijing and maintain the status quo. However, much of this literature has been dominated by the U.S.–China dynamic and has neglected the vital role of the littoral states in the region. </p><p>This article, through the lens of a maritime strategic environment, deals with the potential for the littoral nations of the South China Sea to deter China. It argues that conventional deterrence by denial is a difficult but applicable strategy despite the substantial power asymmetry that exists between China and the littoral states in the region. However, such a deterrent approach must be tailored to the specific, non-existential challenges that China poses in the region. Among these challenges, this article examines deterrence within the context of China’s claim to the Spratly Islands and expansive claims to economic exploitation rights. </p><p>A maritime strategic environment provides multiple avenues to impose cost on a superior power and the littoral states in the region have invested heavily in naval capabilities. However, as this article finds, it remains to be seen if the littoral states in the region have the technical capability or political will to successfully enact such a deterrent strategy. <a href="/ifs/ForsvaretDocuments/Korean%20Journal%20of%20Defense%20Analysis%2004_Ian%20Bowers.pdf"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/15/images/icpdf.png" alt="" />Korean Journal of Defense Analysis 04_Ian Bowers.pdf</a> (Open Access)<br></p><p><a href="http://www.kida.re.kr/frt/contents/frtContents.do?sidx=1508&depth=3">Go to the homepage of Korea Institute for Defense Analysis</a><br></p>

 Books and reports

 

 

Tunsjø: China's rise and strategic adjustments in Asia and Europe<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/IFS%20Insights_1_2018_Tunsjø_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Tunsjø: China's rise and strategic adjustments in Asia and EuropeIFS Insights 1/2018. Focusing on the rise of China will allow us to gauge the direction of US defence and security policy and provide a better understanding of how Norway can maintain strong ties with its most important ally.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/ifs-insights-kronologisk-(2010-)/china-s-rise-and-strategic-adjustments-in-asia-and-europe
Bekkevold & Bowers: Nuclear North Korea<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/IFS%20Insights_4_2017_Bowers-Bekkevold_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Bekkevold & Bowers: Nuclear North KoreaIFS Insights 4/2017. North Korea continues to develop ballistic missiles and nuclear weapons despite international condemnation and increasing political and economic isolation. While war is unlikely, expectations of denuclearisation seem optimistic. Ongoing tensions will likely have substantial short-term and long-term regional strategic implications.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/ifs-insights-kronologisk-(2010-)/bekkevold-bowers_nuclear-north-korea-stability-east-asia
Malhotra: India as an arms exporter<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Malhotra_insight_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Malhotra: India as an arms exporterIFS Insights 2/2017. Although India has been involved in defence exports for a long time, the volume of its exports remains insignificant. Recently, however, the figures have been rising, thus signifying a new trend.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/ifs-insights-kronologisk-(2010-)/aditi-malhotra-india-as-an-arms-exporter

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