Bekkevold & Sinha (eds.) (2015): Arctic: Commerce, Governance and Policy <img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/bekkevold_sinha_Arctic_atikkel_orig.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Bekkevold & Sinha (eds.) (2015): Arctic: Commerce, Governance and Policy The book examines drivers and motivations of Asian countries’ entry into the Arctic, and its impact on commerce, policy and governance in the Arctic. http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/arctic_commerce_governance_and-_policy
Security, strategy and Military Change in the 21st Century<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/130516-F-XL333-538.JPG" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Security, strategy and Military Change in the 21st CenturyOn June 9, the book Security, Strategy and Military Change in the 21st Century: Cross-Regional Perspectives was launched at IFS.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/seminar_9_june_security_21st_cent
Bekkevold, Bowers & Raska (eds.) (2015): Security, Strategy and Military Change in the 21st Century <img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/f-35-testing__high.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Bekkevold, Bowers & Raska (eds.) (2015): Security, Strategy and Military Change in the 21st Century This edited volume explores and analyses strategic thinking, military reform and adaptation in an era of Asian growth, European austerity and US rebalancing. http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/book_security-strategy-and-military-change-in-the-21st-century



 Articles and chapters in books

 

 

Katarzyna Zysk and David Titley. 2015. "Signals, Noise, and Swans in Today’s Arctic". SAIS Review of International AffairsKatarzyna Zysk and David Titley. 2015. "Signals, Noise, and Swans in Today’s Arctic". SAIS Review of International Affairs<p>​The Arctic is a unique maritime domain and physical environment that is changing faster than any other place on Earth. The trend of abrupt and substantial variations in ice coverage, increasing temperatures, waves and coastal erosion, and unusual weather patterns is likely to continue, given persistent emission of greenhouse gases, primarily by the world’s industrialized countries. These transformations, although non-linear, profoundly affect both weather and climate in much of the Northern Hemisphere, and spur political dynamics that force governments and organizations to form new policies toward the Arctic region. Numerous factors, including changes in energy prices, global shipping trends, environmental and governance policies all impact the trajectory and pace of Arctic development. Given Russia’s dominant position in the region, the country’s Arctic policies and relations with the outside world have a particularly strong bearing on the regional development. This article examines the “signals” (ongoing trends), the “noise” (short-term fluctuations) and the “swans” (the wild cards) in the environmental changes in the Arctic and their geopolitical implications. Considering the rate and scope of the multilayered regional transformations, this paper argues that it is best to focus on the signals and not the noise, or the short-term fluctuations, while hedging, to the best of our ability, against the wild cards.</p><p><a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/login?auth=0&type=summary&url=/journals/sais_review/v035/35.1.zysk.html">Read the full article in SAIS Review of International Affairs</a> <br></p>
Andreas Østhagen. 2015. "Coastguards in peril: a study of Arctic defence collaboration". Defence StudiesAndreas Østhagen. 2015. "Coastguards in peril: a study of Arctic defence collaboration". Defence Studies<p>​Defence collaboration is on the political agenda in most western countries. Simultaneously, maritime activity in the Arctic region is growing, spurring demand for various coast guard tasks of both civilian and military characters. How can defence collaboration be applied to deal with a changing situation in the Arctic? Arctic coastal states are facing heightened risks, and their various coast guard structures have to provide extended capacities for a number of tasks. Simultaneously, most Arctic coast guards are experiencing a stretch in capabilities, as demand grows. This study asks whether it is purposeful – or even possible – to conduct defence collaboration on coast guard tasks in the Arctic. Subsequently, what are the drivers of, and challenges to, such collaboration, and what forms can it take? Canada, Denmark and Norway form the basis of this comparative study, given their status as NATO members and small-to-medium powers with prominent geographical positions in the North Atlantic/Arctic oceans.</p><p><a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/UkhxrH7CdFpegfTZy2GQ/full">Go to Defence Studies to read full text</a><br></p>
Olav Riste. 2014. "'Stay Behind': A Clandestine Cold War Phenomenon". Journal of Cold War Studies 16 (4): 35-59Olav Riste. 2014. "'Stay Behind': A Clandestine Cold War Phenomenon". Journal of Cold War Studies 16 (4): 35-59<p>​​This article gives an overview of what we now know from trustworthy sources about the origins, character, and development of the “stay-behind” networks established in Western Europe during the early Cold War in preparation for a possible Soviet invasion and occupation. The article critically examines and refutes several notions about Stay Behind that have tended to dominate writings on the subject, such as allegations that the networks in Italy and other West European countries were mere creations of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency and the British Secret Intelligence Service; that they were controlled by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization as its “secret army”; and that in at least some countries they pursued terrorist activities directed against left-wing groups suspected of working to overthrow the established order. <a href="http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1162/JCWS_a_00515#.VT87XBbESVp">Go to Journal of Cold War Studies.</a></p>

 Books and reports

 

 

Bekkevold, Bowers & Raska (eds.) (2015): Security, Strategy and Military Change in the 21st Century <img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/f-35-testing__high.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Bekkevold, Bowers & Raska (eds.) (2015): Security, Strategy and Military Change in the 21st Century This edited volume explores and analyses strategic thinking, military reform and adaptation in an era of Asian growth, European austerity and US rebalancing. http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/book_security-strategy-and-military-change-in-the-21st-century
Bekkevold & Sinha (eds.) (2015): Arctic: Commerce, Governance and Policy <img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/bekkevold_sinha_Arctic_atikkel_orig.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Bekkevold & Sinha (eds.) (2015): Arctic: Commerce, Governance and Policy The book examines drivers and motivations of Asian countries’ entry into the Arctic, and its impact on commerce, policy and governance in the Arctic. http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/arctic_commerce_governance_and-_policy
Allers, Masala&Tamnes (eds.) (2014): Common or Divided Security? Allers, Masala&Tamnes (eds.) (2014): Common or Divided Security? Where is Europe heading? Euro-Atlantic security issues from a German and Norwegian point of view.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Allers-MasalaTamnes-eds-2014-Common-or-Divided-Security-

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