Bekkevold & Till (eds.): International Order at Sea<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Bekkevold%20ios%202016%20ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Bekkevold & Till (eds.): International Order at SeaInternationally renowned experts within maritime studies examines how international order at sea is challenged, changed and maintained.New book edited by Jo Inge Bekkevold and Geoffrey Till about how international order at sea is challenged, changed and maintained.International Order at Seahttp://forsvaret.no/ifs/en/Publications/Books/bekkevold-till-international-order-at-sea
Finland and Sweden – will they join NATO soon?<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Sverige-Finland-rapport_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Finland and Sweden – will they join NATO soon?On the 24 November 2016, Joakim Berndtsson, Karl Ydén and Kimmo Rentola visited IFS to discuss why Sweden and Finland have not become NATO members.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/seminarer-og-konferanser/finland-sweden-nato-24nov2016-report
German-Norwegian Security Dialogue<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Gruppebilde%20German-Norwegian%20security_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />German-Norwegian Security DialogueOn 17–18 November 2016, the Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies (IFS) in cooperation with the German Federal Ministry of Defence organised a bilateral security dialogue in Oslo. http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Forskning/Security-and-Defence-in-Northern-Europe/german-norwegian-security-dialogue



 Articles and chapters in books

 

 

Allers, Robin. 2016. "The framework nation: can Germany lead on security?" International Affairs 92 (5)Allers, Robin. 2016. "The framework nation: can Germany lead on security?" International Affairs 92 (5)<p class="forsvaretElement-p">​​Can Germany lead on security? This article aims to address this question by looking at recent German contributions to European defence cooperation. In 2013 Germany introduced the Framework Nations Concept (FNC) as a systematic and structured approach towards joint capability development. The concept relies on the idea that bigger nations take the overall responsibility for coordinating the contributions of smaller partners in a capability package. </p><p class="forsvaretElement-p">The framework nation model as such is not new but the initiative has been welcomed as a potential game changer in European defence cooperation and as confirmation of Germany's commitment to NATO. In light of the Ukraine crisis, measures to adapt NATO and to strengthen the European pillar of the alliance have become more urgent. Allies and partners increasingly want Germany to extend its role as Europe's dominant economic and financial power to matters of security and defence. </p><p class="forsvaretElement-p">The framework nation model allows Germany to take international responsibility, while avoiding debates about leadership and hegemony. Moreover, as a framework nation, Germany can advance flexible cooperation among a smaller number of allies without undermining its commitment to multilateralism. But the FNC initiative also raises further questions: what is the added value of the framework nation model compared to similar formats; what should be the place of smaller groupings in the evolving Euro-Atlantic security architecture; and how reliable is Germany in the role of a lead nation?</p><p><a href="https://www.chathamhouse.org/publication/ia/framework-nation-can-germany-lead-security#sthash.98ikRXKm.dpuf">Read the article on Chatham House's website. Membership is required</a>.</p>
Haaland, Torunn. 2016. "The Limits to Learning in Military Operations. Bottom-up Adaptation in the Norwegian Army in Northern Afghanistan, 2007–2012". Journal of Strategic Studies, online 11 JulyHaaland, Torunn. 2016. "The Limits to Learning in Military Operations. Bottom-up Adaptation in the Norwegian Army in Northern Afghanistan, 2007–2012". Journal of Strategic Studies, online 11 July<p>​This article – based on interviews with Norwegian Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) commanders and the lessons-learned database of the Norwegian Armed Forces – argues that what appear to be an inability or unwillingness to learn and adapt in war may have other explanations. The ambiguity of experiences makes lessons contested, contradictory, and fluid interpretations of confusing events. Consequently, they do not provide unequivocal guidance for adaptation. Even when lessons learned are fairly clear and agreed upon, adaptation does not automatically follow, as force autonomy may be quite limited, at least for small states in coalition operations conducted in partnership with indigenous forces.</p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:1.875em;line-height:26px;font-size:16px;box-sizing:content-box;color:#333333;font-family:proximanova, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;">​<a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/JWQVPtxDBBz4ZrVqQIa3/full" target="_blank" style="color:#877040;text-decoration:underline;box-sizing:content-box;transition:0.3s;background:transparent;">To read the article, go to the Journal of Strategic Studies website</a>. </p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:1.875em;line-height:26px;font-size:16px;box-sizing:content-box;color:#333333;font-family:proximanova, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;">Kontakt Forsvarets høgskolens bibliotek hvis du mangler tilgang: <a href="mailto:bibl@fhs.mil.no" style="color:#877040;text-decoration:underline;box-sizing:content-box;transition:0.3s;background:transparent;">bibl@fhs.mil.no</a>​</p>
Bruusgaard, Kristin Ven. 2016. "Russian Strategic Deterrence". Survival 54 (4)Bruusgaard, Kristin Ven. 2016. "Russian Strategic Deterrence". Survival 54 (4)<p>​​Russia's intention to conduct a Ukraine-style hybrid operation against a NATO country is uncertain, but its determination to deter NATO from encroaching on Russia's security interests is clear.</p><p>Although many Western analysts are preoccupied with the likelihood of Russia plotting 'hybrid warfare' operations against NATO members, the concept itself is not an explicit part of Russian military doctrine. For Russian analysts, hybrid warfare is a Western construct. A reading of Russian military–theoretical debates shows a preoccupation with a broader concept, which can be termed strategic deterrence (<em>strategicheskoe sderzhivanie</em>). This Russian concept is part of official doctrine and strategy, and understanding it is crucial to analysing current and future Russian security and defence policy.</p><p>Strategic deterrence is the indigenous concept that encompasses what others call Russia's 'hybrid warfare doctrine', Russia's 'ability for cross-domain coercion' and Russia's 'nuclear brinkmanship'. The Russian concept, which can be translated as 'strategic deterrence', is conceived much more broadly than the traditional Western concept of deterrence. It is not entirely defensive: it contains offensive and defensive, nuclear, non-nuclear and non-military deterrent tools. These are to be used in times of peace and war – making the concept resemble, to Western eyes, a combined strategy of containment, deterrence and coercion – using all means available to deter or dominate conflict. Strategic deterrence provides a guide to how Russia may seek to influence any potential adversary, including NATO, in the future. Russia's intention to conduct a Ukraine-style hybrid-warfare operation against a NATO country is uncertain; its intention to deter NATO from encroaching on Russia's security interests is not.</p><p>The strategic-deterrence concept sheds light on the future division of labour between Russia's conventional and nuclear weapons, challenging the Western assumption that Russian nuclear weapons continue to have an elevated role in Russian strategy. It depicts de-escalation as just one part of Russian deterrence thinking, and one that may be sought with the use of tools other than nuclear weapons. And it provides details on how non-military and military tools are combined in order to influence a potential adversary's assessment of Russia. This article seeks to understand what it means when official Russian documents state that 'Russia's strategic goals and defense policy will be realized through the use of strategic deterrence'.</p><p>This article is based on insights from debates in Russian military theoretical journals, primarily <em>Military Thought</em>, the official journal of the Russian General Staff. The main contributors to this journal are senior officers and military academics, as well as some key members of the country's military leadership, including former chiefs of General Staff. Although the debates in this journal do not reflect classified elements of Russian military strategy, they are likely to reflect the most pressing issues in Russian defence policy.​</p><p class="MsoNormal" style="box-sizing:content-box;margin-bottom:1.875em;font-size:16px;line-height:26px;color:#333333;font-family:proximanova, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;">​<a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2016.1207945" target="_blank" style="box-sizing:content-box;color:#877040;text-decoration:underline;transition:0.3s;background:transparent;">To read the article, go to the Survival website</a>. </p><p class="MsoNormal" style="box-sizing:content-box;margin-bottom:1.875em;font-size:16px;line-height:26px;color:#333333;font-family:proximanova, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;background-color:#ffffff;">Kontakt Forsvarets høgskolens bibliotek hvis du mangler tilgang: <a href="mailto:bibl@fhs.mil.no" style="box-sizing:content-box;color:#877040;transition:0.3s;background:transparent;">bibl@fhs.mil.no</a></p>

 Books and reports

 

 

Bekkevold & Till (eds.): International Order at Sea<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Bekkevold%20ios%202016%20ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Bekkevold & Till (eds.): International Order at SeaInternationally renowned experts within maritime studies examines how international order at sea is challenged, changed and maintained.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/en/Publications/Books/bekkevold-till-international-order-at-sea
Petersson: The US NATO Debate. From Libya to Ukraine<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Petersson_US_NATO%20debate_ill_ferdig.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Petersson: The US NATO Debate. From Libya to UkraineMagnus Petersson looks at US expectations to its European allies. Do the Americans want to pull back and leave the Europeans to handle their own security challenges?http://forsvaret.no/ifs/en/petersson_2015_the-us-nato-debate-from-libya-to-ukraine
Bekkevold, Bowers & Raska (eds.): Security, Strategy and Military Change in the 21st Century <img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/f-35-testing__high.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Bekkevold, Bowers & Raska (eds.): Security, Strategy and Military Change in the 21st Century Strategic thinking, military reform and adaptation in an era of Asian growth, European austerity and US rebalancing. http://forsvaret.no/ifs/book_security-strategy-and-military-change-in-the-21st-century

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