Norwegian and European security

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​The Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies has a long tradition of historical and social science studies of Norwegian security, defence and foreign policy, including of organisations and states of direct importance to these policies. 

NATO, Russia, the High North and Northern Europe therefore form natural focal points of research at the Centre for Norwegian and European Security.

 Articles and book chapters in peer-reviewed journals



Øystein Tunsjø, 2013. Europe’s Favourable Isolation. Survival 55(6): 91–106Øystein Tunsjø, 2013. Europe’s Favourable Isolation. Survival 55(6): 91–106<p>The global power shift from the West to the East is contributing to an increasingly Asia-centric world and Europe's isolation from great-power politics. Economic crises and internal difficulties in European countries limit the role that they can play in global affairs. Simultaneously, two costly wars and economic turmoil have prompted the United States to prioritise East Asia in its foreign and defence policy. The US will rebalance towards the Asia-Pacific and China, and maintain its commitments towards the Middle East, but will scale back its presence in Europe.</p><p>Europe will necessarily play an insignificant role in great-power politics in Asia. But if European countries become accustomed to no longer being at the centre of world politics – and the United Kingdom, France and Germany in particular adjust to their declining significance – this marginalisation could be to their benefit. Indeed, the current global power shift from the West to the East offers an opportunity to avoid the traditionally destructive conflicts of 'high politics'; revitalise the EU; maintain NATO's relevance; strengthen Europe's neighbourhood policy in the Arctic, Eastern Europe, the Middle East and North Africa; ensure stability throughout Europe; and promote European countries' global economic interests.</p><p>The US stayed out of conflicts in Europe up until the First World War and relied on strengthening its position in the Western Hemisphere to expand its global commercial and security interests. The US sought to keep extra-hemispheric actors out and avoided being dragged into great-power conflicts in Europe. At the same time, it enlarged the scope of the Monroe Doctrine and went beyond isolationism by promoting regional political, economic and security cooperation, and establishing institutions to facilitate common hemispheric interests. America's neighbourhood policy, global economic ambition and avoidance of great-power conflicts in Europe facilitated its rise as the world's leading power. Its share of global wealth increased from 12% in 1830 to 38% in 1900. The US only assumed 'responsibility from the regional great powers for the balance of power in the transoceanic regions', as Robert S. Ross has put it, when it could no longer keep Europe and East Asia divided by relying on great-power balancing, and a great power threatened to achieve regional hegemony and expand into the Western Hemisphere.</p><p><a href="" target="_blank">Full text article in Survivor (online subscription)</a></p>
Østhagen, Andreas. 2015. "Coastguards in peril: a study of Arctic defence collaboration". Defence StudiesØsthagen, Andreas. 2015. "Coastguards in peril: a study of Arctic defence collaboration". Defence Studies<p>​​Defence collaboration is on the political agenda in most western countries. Simultaneously, maritime activity in the Arctic region is growing, spurring demand for various coast guard tasks of both civilian and military characters. How can defence collaboration be applied to deal with a changing situation in the Arctic? Arctic coastal states are facing heightened risks, and their various coast guard structures have to provide extended capacities for a number of tasks. Simultaneously, most Arctic coast guards are experiencing a stretch in capabilities, as demand grows. This study asks whether it is purposeful – or even possible – to conduct defence collaboration on coast guard tasks in the Arctic. Subsequently, what are the drivers of, and challenges to, such collaboration, and what forms can it take? Canada, Denmark and Norway form the basis of this comparative study, given their status as NATO members and small-to-medium powers with prominent geographical positions in the North Atlantic/Arctic oceans.</p><p><a href="">Go to Defence Studies to read full text</a><br></p>
Zysk, Katarzyna and David Titley. 2015. "Signals, Noise, and Swans in Today’s Arctic". SAIS Review of International AffairsZysk, Katarzyna and David Titley. 2015. "Signals, Noise, and Swans in Today’s Arctic". SAIS Review of International Affairs<p>​​The Arctic is a unique maritime domain and physical environment that is changing faster than any other place on Earth. The trend of abrupt and substantial variations in ice coverage, increasing temperatures, waves and coastal erosion, and unusual weather patterns is likely to continue, given persistent emission of greenhouse gases, primarily by the world’s industrialized countries. These transformations, although non-linear, profoundly affect both weather and climate in much of the Northern Hemisphere, and spur political dynamics that force governments and organizations to form new policies toward the Arctic region. Numerous factors, including changes in energy prices, global shipping trends, environmental and governance policies all impact the trajectory and pace of Arctic development. Given Russia’s dominant position in the region, the country’s Arctic policies and relations with the outside world have a particularly strong bearing on the regional development. This article examines the “signals” (ongoing trends), the “noise” (short-term fluctuations) and the “swans” (the wild cards) in the environmental changes in the Arctic and their geopolitical implications. Considering the rate and scope of the multilayered regional transformations, this paper argues that it is best to focus on the signals and not the noise, or the short-term fluctuations, while hedging, to the best of our ability, against the wild cards.</p><p><a href="">Read the full article in SAIS Review of International Affairs</a> <br></p>

 Books and reports about Norwegian and European security



Allers, Masala&Tamnes (eds.): Common or Divided Security? <img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Tamnes%20et%20al_common_divided_security_karu.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Allers, Masala&Tamnes (eds.): Common or Divided Security? Where is Europe heading? Euro-Atlantic security issues from a German and Norwegian point of view.
Hilde&Mitcha (eds.) (2014): The Future of NATO<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Hilde_Michta_Nato_orig.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Hilde&Mitcha (eds.) (2014): The Future of NATOEuropean and US experts examine a range of perennial issues facing the Alliance.
Matlary&Petersson (eds) (2013): NATO's European Allies<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/nato_allies_2013_karus.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Matlary&Petersson (eds) (2013): NATO's European AlliesMagnus Petersson and Janne Haaland Matlary (eds) have invited international scholars to discuss the future role of European allies in the light of US defence cuts.




Northern European security in light of the Ukraine conflict<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/SNE_17_mars_topp_orig.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Northern European security in light of the Ukraine conflictOn 17 March IFS organised a seminar on Northern European security in light of the Ukraine conflict.
Joining forces to improve NATO's readiness<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/SNE_konf_mai2016_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Joining forces to improve NATO's readinessSummary from the SNE conference 26 May 2016 on the NATO adaptation and multinational response forces.

 Staff at Centre for Norwegian and European Security



Allers, RobinAllers, Robin
Bakken, HavardBakken, Havard
Bjur, IngeborgBjur, Ingeborg
Bruusgaard, Kristin VenBruusgaard, Kristin Ven
Danielsen, Helge Danielsen, Helge
Elgsaas, Ingvill MoeElgsaas, Ingvill Moe
Gade, Jo GeorgGade, Jo Georg
Godal, Bjorn ToreGodal, Bjorn Tore
Haugom, LarsHaugom, Lars
Hilde, Paal SigurdHilde, Paal Sigurd
Kristiansen, TomKristiansen, Tom
Moller, Joakim ErmaMoller, Joakim Erma
Offerdal, KristineOfferdal, Kristine
Oma, Ida MariaOma, Ida Maria
Opdahl, Ingerid M.Opdahl, Ingerid M.
Ostbo, Jardar NulandOstbo, Jardar Nuland
Storen, Harald W.Storen, Harald W.
Tamnes, RolfTamnes, Rolf

Published 23 October 2014 15:00.. Last updated 31 May 2017 14:07.