Date: Wednesday 30 May 2018
Time: 14.00–16.00 (coffee and registration from 13.30)
Venue: Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies (IFS), Kongens gate 4
Co-host: Embassy of Finland in Oslo
The EU established the Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) towards the end of 2017 as a major new defence initiative. All EU member states except Denmark, Malta and the UK participate.
PESCO aims at enhancing member states' effectiveness in addressing security issues by strengthening the defence cooperation within the Union. The purpose of the conference is to discuss the implications this and other initiatives in the EU have for Norway and Finland. Third country participation, defence industry cooperation, and NATO-EU relations will thus be at the centre of discussion.
- Professor Kjell Inge Bjerga, Director IFS
- Tuomas Iso-Markku, European Union research programme, Finnish Institute of International Affairs
- Lt Gen Esa Pulkkinen, Director General of the European Union Military Staff
- Anne Sipiläinen, Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Security policy, Finnish Ministry for Foreign Affairs
- Tone Skogen, State Secretary, Norwegian Ministry of Defence
- Moderated by Dr Håkon Lunde Saxi, Senior Fellow, IFS
- Audun Halvorsen, State Secretary, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
About the panellists
Tuomas Iso-Markku is a research fellow at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs in Helsinki, where he is part of the European Union Research Programme. He is an expert on the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy and Finnish EU policy. Iso-Markku holds an M.A. in European Studies from the European University in Frankfurt, and a Magister in Political Studies from the Adam Mickiewicza University in Poznan, as well as BSc from the University of Turku. He has also been a visiting researcher at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik) in Berlin.
Lieutenant General Esa Pulkkinen is Director General of the EU Military Staff (EUMS) since 2016, with responsibility for early warning, situation assessment and strategic planning for EU military missions and operations. He has also led the Military Planning and Conduct Capability (MPCC) within the EUMS since it was established in June 2017. Lt Gen Pulkkinen has previously served as Director General in the Finnish Ministry of Defence (2011-2016). He also chaired the Policy Steering Committee in NORDEFCO during Finland's chairmanship in 2013.
Anne Sipiläinen is Under-Secretary of State in the Finnish Ministry for Foreign Affairs (MFA) since 2011. In 2015, she assumed responsibility for foreign and security policy, Europe, Russia and Central Asia. Between 2007 and 2011 she served as Finland's EU ambassador in Brussels, where she worked as Finland's representative in the EU's Political and Security Committee (COPS). She also represented Finland in the Western European Union (WEU). Sipiläinen has previously served as Deputy Director General in the Political Department of the Finnish MFA (2004-2007).
Tone Skogen is State Secretary in the Norwegian Ministry of Defence since 2017. Previously, she has served as State Secretary in the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2015-2017) and the Norwegian Ministry of Trade and Industry (2004-2005), and has held various positions in the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy since 1978, including acting Director General. Tone Skogen holds a Degree in Economics from the US, and a Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures Spécialisées (D.E.S.S.) from France.
Audun Halvorsen is State Secretary in the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs since 2017. Previously, he has served as Political Adviser to Minister of Defence Ine Eriksen Søreide (2013-2017). He has also functioned as Political Adviser on defence policy and foreign affairs, as well as on defence policy, scrutiny and constitutional affairs, for the Parliamentary Group of the Conservative Party (Høyre). Audun Halvorsen holds a cand. mag. degree in Political Science, Public Law and Private Law from the University of Oslo.