America’s role in the world and the global trends that are changing it<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Kempe-Americas-role-toppbilde-1.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />America’s role in the world and the global trends that are changing itOn 1 December, Frederick Kempe, President and CEO of the Atlantic Council, visited IFS. He talked about the importance of American global leadership at a time where we see a weakening international order.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/en/events/kempe-usa-role-in-the-world
TAPIR: Call for applications 2018<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/TAPIR.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />TAPIR: Call for applications 2018The TAPIR Fellowship is open to postdoc candidates who do research on international relations and/or international peace and security. Application date: 1 February 2018.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/TAPIR-Call-for-applications
NATO in need of further adaptation<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Mongoose_Island_Jacob%20Østheim%20II_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />NATO in need of further adaptationThe US remains committed to Europe, and NATO has adapted to the Russian challenge. However, further measures are needed to strengthen deterrence, defence and allied cohesion. These are some of the IFS takeaways from a partner event in Washington, DC. http://forsvaret.no/ifs/en/sne-publications/nato-in-need-of-further-adaptation



 Artikler og bokkapitler

 

 

Gustavsen, Elin. 2017. "The Privatized Meaning of Wartime Deployments: Examining the Narratives of Norwegian Military Spouses". Ethos, online 5 DecemberGustavsen, Elin. 2017. "The Privatized Meaning of Wartime Deployments: Examining the Narratives of Norwegian Military Spouses". Ethos, online 5 December<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", arial, helvetica, "lucida sans unicode", sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#f9f9f9;">This study examines the narratives of eight female spouses of Norwegian veterans of the war in Afghanistan. The narratives are approached as rich cultural texts that arise in the interface between their individual experiences and the sociocultural milieu. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", arial, helvetica, "lucida sans unicode", sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#f9f9f9;">The analysis focuses on the use of “normalization” and “agency” as narrative resources used by the women to organize experience and transform it into meaning. In their accounts, the deployment was not framed as a negative and interruptive event. Nor was it connected to a national narrative of collective meaning. Instead, the spouses conveyed a normalized interpretation in which the meaning of their husbands’ deployment was constructed in close reference to the personal realm of family life. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", arial, helvetica, "lucida sans unicode", sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#f9f9f9;">This article argues that the experience of contemporary warfare has become a marginalized and unsettled experience in Norwegian society. In the absence of a settled repertoire of cultural scripts to portray the experience of having a spouse deployed abroad, the Norwegian military spouses used a privatized framework to interpret their wartime experience.</span><br></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", arial, helvetica, "lucida sans unicode", sans-serif;font-size:16px;background-color:#f9f9f9;"><a href="http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/etho.12176/full">To download the article, go to the homepage of AnthroSource/Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology.</a> (restricted access)</span></p>
Grønning, Bjørn. 2017. "Japan's security cooperation with the Philippines and Vietnam". Pacific Review, online 20 Nov 2017: 1-20Grønning, Bjørn. 2017. "Japan's security cooperation with the Philippines and Vietnam". Pacific Review, online 20 Nov 2017: 1-20<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Japan is abandoning its once unidirectional foreign security policy towards the USA, two notable examples of which are its increasingly comprehensive and substantial security relations with the Philippines and Vietnam. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Putting these burgeoning Japanese security partnerships front and center, this paper asks the following questions: </span></p><p></p><p></p><ul class="forsvaretElement-p"><li>What are the characteristics of Japan's maturing security partnerships with the Philippines and Vietnam? <br></li><li>What factors have driven and enabled their recent emergence? <br></li><li>What promotes and constrains their future development? <br></li><li>What do these maturing Japanese non-US security partnerships reveal about Japan's direction as a security actor in and beyond East Asia? <br></li></ul><p></p><p></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">The paper finds that these two Japanese security bilaterals, which have six basic characteristics in common, are fundamentally driven by the contemporary shift in the balance of power and the strategic challenge that China's emerging maritime power and ambitions present Japan. It moreover argues that the substantiation of these security partnerships have been pursued under American auspices and further invited by Japanese nationalism and security legislative reforms. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Notwithstanding these encouraging factors, however, domestic and geo-strategic constraints and counter incentives lead this paper to expect further substantiation, but limited military significance in the future of these security partnerships.</span><br></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;"><a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09512748.2017.1397730" target="_blank">Go to the homepage of Taylor&Francis to download the article from Pacific Review (restricted access).</a></span></p>
Bowers, Ian. 2017. "Power Asymmetry and the Role of Deterrence in the South China Sea". Korean Journal of Defense Analysis 29 (4): 551–573Bowers, Ian. 2017. "Power Asymmetry and the Role of Deterrence in the South China Sea". Korean Journal of Defense Analysis 29 (4): 551–573<p>​China’s coercive activities in the South China Sea have resulted in a lively academic debate regarding strategies to deter Beijing and maintain the status quo. However, much of this literature has been dominated by the U.S.–China dynamic and has neglected the vital role of the littoral states in the region. </p><p>This article, through the lens of a maritime strategic environment, deals with the potential for the littoral nations of the South China Sea to deter China. It argues that conventional deterrence by denial is a difficult but applicable strategy despite the substantial power asymmetry that exists between China and the littoral states in the region. However, such a deterrent approach must be tailored to the specific, non-existential challenges that China poses in the region. Among these challenges, this article examines deterrence within the context of China’s claim to the Spratly Islands and expansive claims to economic exploitation rights. </p><p>A maritime strategic environment provides multiple avenues to impose cost on a superior power and the littoral states in the region have invested heavily in naval capabilities. However, as this article finds, it remains to be seen if the littoral states in the region have the technical capability or political will to successfully enact such a deterrent strategy. <a href="/ifs/ForsvaretDocuments/Korean%20Journal%20of%20Defense%20Analysis%2004_Ian%20Bowers.pdf"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/15/images/icpdf.png" alt="" />Korean Journal of Defense Analysis 04_Ian Bowers.pdf</a> (Open Access)<br></p><p><a href="http://www.kida.re.kr/frt/contents/frtContents.do?sidx=1508&depth=3">Go to the homepage of Korea Institute for Defense Analysis</a><br></p>
Petersson, Magnus. 2017. "NATO's Territorial Defense: The Global Approach and the Regional Approach." In NATO'S RETURN TO EUROPE Engaging Ukraine, Russia, and Beyond, edited by Rebecca R. Moore and Damon Coletta. Georgetown University PressPetersson, Magnus. 2017. "NATO's Territorial Defense: The Global Approach and the Regional Approach." In NATO'S RETURN TO EUROPE Engaging Ukraine, Russia, and Beyond, edited by Rebecca R. Moore and Damon Coletta. Georgetown University Press<p class="forsvaretElement-p">NATO's 2010 Strategic Concept officially broadened the alliance's mission beyond collective defense, reflecting a peaceful Europe and changes in alliance activities. NATO had become an international security facilitator, a crisis-manager even outside Europe, and a liberal democratic club as much as a mutual-defense organization. However, Russia's re-entry into great power politics has changed NATO's strategic calculus.<br></p><p class="forsvaretElement-p">Russia's aggressive annexation of Crimea in 2014 and its ongoing military support for Ukrainian separatists dramatically altered the strategic environment and called into question the liberal European security order. States bordering Russia, many of which are now NATO members, are worried, and the alliance is divided over assessments of Russia's behavior.  <br></p><p class="forsvaretElement-p">Against the backdrop of Russia's new assertiveness, an international group of scholars examines a broad range of issues in the interest of not only explaining recent alliance developments but also making recommendations about critical choices confronting the NATO allies. While a renewed emphasis on collective defense is clearly a priority, this volume's contributors caution against an overcorrection, which would leave the alliance too inwardly focused, play into Russia's hand, and exacerbate regional fault lines always just below the surface at NATO. <br></p><div><p class="forsvaretElement-p">This volume places rapid-fire events in theoretical perspective and will be useful to foreign policy students, scholars, and practitioners alike.<br></p><br></div><p><a href="http://press.georgetown.edu/book/georgetown/natos-return-europe">Read more about the book on the publisher's website.</a></p>
Danielsen, Helge. 2017. "‘A military ERP’? Military assistance and US public diplomacy in Norway in the early 1950s." Journal of Transatlantic Studies. Online 4 SeptemberDanielsen, Helge. 2017. "‘A military ERP’? Military assistance and US public diplomacy in Norway in the early 1950s." Journal of Transatlantic Studies. Online 4 September<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">This article explores how U.S. public diplomacy resources in Norway were mobilised in support of the Mutual Defense Assistance Program in the early 1950s. These efforts had two main objectives: to display U.S. commitment to allied security, and thus provide ‘psychological reassurance’, and, secondly, to mobilise popular support for increased defence spending by the Norwegian Government. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">The first ambition played well with local audiences. The second was more controversial, as it could be apprehended as meddling in domestic affairs. Close cooperation with local actors, a characteristic of U.S. public diplomacy in Norway at large, was therefore particularly important in this case.</span><br></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">To read the full article, go to Journal of Transatlantic Studies (restricted access): <a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14794012.2017.1371420">http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14794012.2017.1371420</a></span></p>

 Bøker og rapporter

 

 

Bekkevold & Bowers: Nuclear North Korea<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/IFS%20Insights_4_2017_Bowers-Bekkevold_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Bekkevold & Bowers: Nuclear North KoreaNorth Korea continues to develop ballistic missiles and nuclear weapons despite international condemnation and increasing political and economic isolation. While war is unlikely, expectations of denuclearisation seem optimistic. Ongoing tensions will likely have substantial short-term and long-term regional strategic implications.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/ifs-insights-kronologisk-(2010-)/bekkevold-bowers_nuclear-north-korea-stability-east-asia
Søgaard: Initiativplikt i sentraladministrasjonen?<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/IFS%20Insight%203_2017_Sogaard_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Søgaard: Initiativplikt i sentraladministrasjonen?Påhviler det den enkelte i embetsverket en plikt til å ta selvstendig initiativ for å sikre økt effektivitet i staten – også når dette ikke er politisk pålagt? Hvis svaret er tja eller nei: Er det ønskelig å gjøre noe med dette – og i så fall hva?http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/ifs-insights-kronologisk-(2010-)/fridthjof-sogaard-initiativplikt-i-sentraladministrasjonen
Malhotra: India as an arms exporter<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Malhotra_insight_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Malhotra: India as an arms exporterAlthough India has been involved in defence exports for a long time, the volume of its exports remains insignificant. Recently, however, the figures have been rising, thus signifying a new trend.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/ifs-insights-kronologisk-(2010-)/aditi-malhotra-india-as-an-arms-exporter

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