Where is Turkey heading?<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Summary_Where%20is%20Turkey%20heading_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Where is Turkey heading?On 8 September, three leading experts on Turkey discussed recent developments in this large and important country in Southeastern Europe. http://forsvaret.no/ifs/seminarer-og-konferanser/where-is-turkey-heading-summary
The US and Transatlantic relations<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/2017-10-09%20The%20US%20and%20Transatlantic%20relations_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />The US and Transatlantic relationsThe current security landscape is rife with instability. This seminar will draw inspiration from Kenneth Waltz' book, Man, State, and War, published in 1959. http://forsvaret.no/ifs/seminarer-og-konferanser/us-transatlantic-relations-period-of-instability
Valget i Tyskland og sikkerheten i Europa<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Tysklandsvalget_frokost_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Valget i Tyskland og sikkerheten i EuropaHvilken retning tar tysk utenriks- og sikkerhetspolitikk etter høstens valg? Fredag 6. oktober inviterer SNE-programmet ved IFS til en diskusjon av valgresultatet.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/seminarer-og-konferanser/valget-i-tyskland-og-sikkerheten-i-europa



 Artikler og bokkapitler

 

 

Danielsen, Helge. 2017. "‘A military ERP’? Military assistance and US public diplomacy in Norway in the early 1950s." Journal of Transatlantic Studies. Online 4 SeptemberDanielsen, Helge. 2017. "‘A military ERP’? Military assistance and US public diplomacy in Norway in the early 1950s." Journal of Transatlantic Studies. Online 4 September<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">This article explores how U.S. public diplomacy resources in Norway were mobilised in support of the Mutual Defense Assistance Program in the early 1950s. These efforts had two main objectives: to display U.S. commitment to allied security, and thus provide ‘psychological reassurance’, and, secondly, to mobilise popular support for increased defence spending by the Norwegian Government. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">The first ambition played well with local audiences. The second was more controversial, as it could be apprehended as meddling in domestic affairs. Close cooperation with local actors, a characteristic of U.S. public diplomacy in Norway at large, was therefore particularly important in this case.</span><br></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">To read the full article, go to Journal of Transatlantic Studies (restricted access): <a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14794012.2017.1371420">http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14794012.2017.1371420</a></span></p>
Rø, Johannes Gullestad. 2017. "Sannhetens modifikasjoner – Donald Trump og løgnaktighetens kunst." Nytt Norsk Tidsskrift, nr. 3Rø, Johannes Gullestad. 2017. "Sannhetens modifikasjoner – Donald Trump og løgnaktighetens kunst." Nytt Norsk Tidsskrift, nr. 3<p>​<span style="color:#919191;font-family:"open sans";font-size:18px;background-color:#fafafa;">Donald Trumps lemfeldige omgang med fakta og sannhet har utfordret etablerte normer for saklig diskusjon. Skal man forstå Trump, må man imidlertid forstå hans utspill som symptomer på en tendens i USAs offentlighet hvor effektiv presentasjon av et hovedbudskap er viktigere enn sannferdighet. I denne artikkelen ser jeg nærmere på hvorfor sannheten har tapt terreng i det offentlige ordskiftet i USA, og på hvilke former for løgnaktighet som står til disposisjon for den som ønsker å drive igjennom et politisk budskap.</span><br></p><p><span style="color:#919191;font-family:"open sans";font-size:18px;background-color:#fafafa;">Les hele artikkelen på Idunn.no (begrenset): <a href="https://www.idunn.no/nnt/2017/03/sannhetens_modifikasjoner">https://www.idunn.no/nnt/2017/03/sannhetens_modifikasjoner</a> </span></p>
Zysk, Katarzyna. 2017. "Les objectifs stratégiques de la Russie dans l’Arctique." Politique étrangère 82(3)Zysk, Katarzyna. 2017. "Les objectifs stratégiques de la Russie dans l’Arctique." Politique étrangère 82(3)<p>​The article examines Russia's strategic objectives in the Arctic, their achievements, current potential and limitations, as well as future prospects. It argues that Russia's ambitious economic development programme, influenced by domestic structural limitations and global economic and geopolitical dynamics, has proved to be overly optimistic, while the scope and pace of implementation of the military projects has turned out to be more expansive compared to initial plans. <br></p><p>The article is available on paper through the <span style="font-size:13px;">Institut français de</span><span style="font-size:13px;">s relations internationales</span><br></p>
Zysk, Katarzyna. 2017. "Nonstrategic nuclear weapons in Russia’s evolving military doctrine". Bulletin of the Atomic Sciences 73(5)Zysk, Katarzyna. 2017. "Nonstrategic nuclear weapons in Russia’s evolving military doctrine". Bulletin of the Atomic Sciences 73(5)<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Why does Russia need so many nonstrategic nuclear weapons (NSNWs), which are considered by some observers to be an irrelevant relic of the Cold War with little use in actual, present-day warfighting? The question is all the more acute given that Russia has conducted a sweeping military modernization program since 2008, significantly improving its general-purpose forces and thereby seemingly reducing the need to rely on nuclear weapons. Yet Russia’s nonstrategic (also known as tactical) nuclear weapons continue to play a central role in its military doctrine – and if anything, the weapons’ role has increased in the post-Cold War security environment. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Initially, they were viewed as a way of compensating for Russia’s military-technological inferiority after the collapse of the Soviet Union, giving the country some breathing space until Russia would have the wherewithal to boost its conventional power – especially in the research and development of high-precision conventional weapons that could be an alternative to nuclear munitions. Indeed, in recent years, Russia has increased its focus on developing nonnuclear deterrence capabilities. That said, NSNWs remain an integral element in the evolving Russian military strategy, combining a set of cross-domain deterrence options including strategic and nonstrategic nuclear, strategic conventional, and nonmilitary ways and means.</span><br></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">To read the full article, go to Bulletin of the Atomic Sciences: <a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00963402.2017.1362908"></a><a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/DqGBNXyd76Qu8Bni4wvZ/full" target="_blank">http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/DqGBNXyd76Qu8Bni4wvZ/full</a> </span></p>
Rongved, Gjermund Forfang. 2017. "The Gold War: the dissolution of the Scandinavian Currency Union during the First World War". Scandinavian Economic History Review. Online 21 AugustRongved, Gjermund Forfang. 2017. "The Gold War: the dissolution of the Scandinavian Currency Union during the First World War". Scandinavian Economic History Review. Online 21 August<p>​<span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">This article explains how the outbreak of the First World War resulted in the de facto dissolution of the Scandinavian Currency Union. Up until the First World War, the union among the central banks of Denmark, Norway and Sweden is considered to be a success. However, the outbreak of war brought cooperation to its knees. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">The article rejects two conventional perspectives on the break-up of the union. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Firstly, that Denmark's and Norway's greater monetary expansion was pivotal to the break-up, whilst Sweden pursued a more prudent monetary policy. In contrast, the article argues that the disintegration of the union is better understood by the implementation of a unilateral Swedish gold blockade policy, influenced by Swedish economic theorists. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">Secondly, that Sweden in April 1917 finally solved her problem of continued gold inflows by threatening to withdraw from the union. Quite conversely, it is argued that Swedish the </span><em>Riksbank</em><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;"> had to give up her hard line, because Norwegian </span><em>Norges Bank</em><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;"> throughout 1917 forced through gold shipments to pay for Norway's trade deficit, which resulted in a virtual Gold War between the two countries. </span></p><p><span style="color:#333333;font-family:"open sans", sans-serif;font-size:17.6px;">The scramble for resources saw cordiality being replaced by distrust, whilst national needs overrode any hope of cooperation.</span><br></p><p>To read the full article, go to the Scandinavian Economic History Review (restricted):  <a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03585522.2017.1364292">http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03585522.2017.1364292</a><br></p>

 Bøker og rapporter

 

 

Malhotra: India as an arms exporter<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Malhotra_insight_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Malhotra: India as an arms exporterAlthough India has been involved in defence exports for a long time, the volume of its exports remains insignificant. Recently, however, the figures have been rising, thus signifying a new trend.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/ifs-insights-kronologisk-(2010-)/aditi-malhotra-india-as-an-arms-exporter
Oftedal: China's Collective Leadership at a crossroads<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/IFS%20Insights_1_Oftedal_ingress.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Oftedal: China's Collective Leadership at a crossroadsXi Jinping may be emerging as a more profiled leader of the Chinese Communist Party than expected. It is, however, too early to draw conclusions regarding how this affects China’s collective leadership.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/ifs-insights-kronologisk-(2010-)/siv-oftedal-chinas-collective-leadership-at-a-crossroads
Tunsjø&Ross (eds.) Strategic Adjustment and the Rise of China<img alt="" src="/media/PubImages/Tunsjo%20og%20Ross%20forside_nett.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Tunsjø&Ross (eds.) Strategic Adjustment and the Rise of ChinaStructural and domestic variables influence how East Asian states adjust their strategy in light of the rise of China.http://forsvaret.no/ifs/Publikasjoner/strategic-adjustment-and-the-rise-of-china

 Kommende aktiviteter ved IFS

 

 

Valget i Tyskland og sikkerheten i EuropaValget i Tyskland og sikkerheten i Europa10/6/2017 7:00:00 AM10/6/2017 8:00:00 AM2017-10-06T08:00:00Z2017-10-06T07:00:00ZForedraghttp://forsvaret.no/ifs/seminarer-og-konferanser/valget-i-tyskland-og-sikkerheten-i-europa
The US and Transatlantic relationsThe US and Transatlantic relations10/9/2017 10:30:00 AM10/9/2017 1:00:00 PM2017-10-09T13:00:00Z2017-10-09T10:30:00ZForedraghttp://forsvaret.no/ifs/seminarer-og-konferanser/us-transatlantic-relations-period-of-instability

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